Ammonium acetate - C2H7NO2

What is Ammonium acetate?

C2H7NO2 is an ammonium salt obtained by reacting ammonia with acetic acid. Its chemical name is Ammonium acetate. It is also called the spirit of Mindererus in its aqueous form or Azanium Acetate or ammonium ethanoate. It is widely used in chemical analysis, in preserving foods, and in pharmaceuticals.

It is a white crystalline solid and has a slight acetous odour. It has a role as a food acidity regulator. It is an ammonium salt and an acetate salt.

Properties of Ammonium acetate – C2H7NO2


Ammonium acetate

Molecular weight of C2H7NO2

77.083 g/mol

Density of Ammonium acetate

1.17 g/cm3

Melting point of Ammonium acetate

113 °C

Viscosity of Ammonium acetate


Ammonium acetate structure – C2H7NO2

C2H7NO2 Uses (Ammonium acetate)

  • Ammonium acetate is used in making explosives.
  • Used in the manufacturing of vinyl plastics.
  • Used in the preservation of meat.
  • Used in analytical chemistry as a reagent.
  • Used in the agricultural products.
  • Used in the manufacture of foam rubbers.
  • Used as a de-icing agent.
  • Used as a catalyst.

Production of Ammonium acetate

Azanium Acetate is obtained in two methods viz

  • By neutralizing acetic acid with ammonium carbonate ((NH4)2CO3) or
  • By saturating glacial acetic acid (CH3COOH) with ammonia (NH3).

Ammonium acetate Reactions

It functions as a precursor to acetamide. The reaction is as follows:

NH4CH3CO2 → CH3C(O)NH2 + H2O

Also, it is used as a diuretic.

Health hazards

Inhaling dust causes irritation in mouth and nose. Swallowing this compound irritates stomach and mouth. When it comes in contact with eyes and skin can cause rashes.