Have you ever wondered what the cause for the blue color of your jeans you wear is? Yes, this color is due to the chemical compound naming Aniline used as a dyeing agent in the cloth industry.
Anilines are the organic compounds in the class of group coming in organic chemistry which are also called as aminobenzene or phenylamine. These compounds are said to be toxic in nature and also known to be one of the classes of aromatic amines. These are used in a wide variety of industrial and are known to possess all the characteristics of an aromatic compound. The aniline compounds are said to have the formula C6H5NH2 wherein the amino group is supposed to be attached to the Phenyl group.
The above image shows the structure of an Aniline compound. These compounds have the formula C6H5NH2 with a phenyl group (C6H5) attached to the amino group ( NH2) as shown.
Aniline is in the form of a yellowish and somewhat brownish oily liquid having a musty and a fishy odor. It smells like the odor of an rotten fish. It is a kind of chemical substance which is flammable liquid and has an unpleasant odor. The compound is soluble in water. It can also be colorless to light brown in color. It has an chemical formula of C6H5NH2 or C6H7N and since it has 6 carbon atoms, 1 nitrogen atom and 7 hydrogen atoms in its chemical formula, it is classified under organic compounds.
The physical properties of Anilines are given below-
The other reactions include alkylation reaction, Diazotization, hydrogenation, Wohl-Aue reaction, etc.
Anilines are employed in various fields of science and everyday life as given below-
It is utilized in the manufacture of polyurethane, which is in turn used in the making of plastics.