|Atomic Mass||204.383 g.mol -1|
|Discovered by||Sir William Crookes in 1861|
Chemical Properties of Boron
|Group||Boron||Melting point||304 °C|
|Period||6||Boiling point||1473 °C|
|Block||13||Density (g cm−3)||11.71 g.cm-3 at 20°C|
|Atomic number||5||Relative atomic mass||204.383 g.mol -1|
|State at 20°C||Solid||Key isotopes||205Tl|
|Electron configuration||[Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p1||CAS number||7440-28-0|
What is Boron?
- Boron is a chemical element with atomic number five and it is a low abundant element that is found in the earth’s crust and solar system. Boron is a metalloid.
Uses of Boron
- Sodium tetraborate decahydrate or borax is the most important compound of boron, which is used to insulate fiberglass and sodium perborate bleach.
- Boric acid is one of the important compounds in textile products. Boron compounds are also used in organic synthesis, a particular type of glass manufacture and as a wood preservative.
- Borax was earlier used to make perborate, which is the bleaching agent widely used in some detergents.
- Boron compounds are also found in homes in the form of food preservatives, especially for fish and margarine.
Properties of Boron
- It’s a poor conductor of electricity and can also be found in ceramics, flare guns, and fiber glasses.
- Boron has several forms and amorphous boron which are a dark powder and unreactive to oxygen, water, alkalis, and acids are the most common. It forms borides when reacts with metals.
Certain Facts About Boron
- Boron is present in over hundred minerals on Earth. But it is extremely difficult to produce, even in laboratory conditions.
- Boromycin is a boron-based natural antibiotic. It is a derivative of Streptomyces.