UPSC Maths Syllabus 2024 - Check Detailed UPSC Maths syllabus PDF here
UPSC provides the UPSC Maths syllabus in the notification. Maths is one of the IAS 2024 optional subjects with 2 papers (Paper 1 and Paper 2). Candidates opting for maths as their optional subject must know the UPSC IAS syllabus for Maths before they start their IAS exam preparation. The syllabus of UPSC Maths consists of topics and sections on which the IAS Maths question paper is based in the IAS exam.
The difficulty level of UPSC Maths syllabus 2024 is of graduation level. IAS maths syllabus comprises Algebra, Real Analysis, Complex Analysis, Mechanics of Rigid Bodies, Mechanics of Deformable Bodies and much more. In this article, we have shared the detailed syllabus of UPSC IAS Maths 2024 to help IAS 2024 aspirants for quality preparation.
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IAS Maths syllabus
Both papers of the IAS Mathematics Optional paper are of 250 marks each. The UPSC IAS 2024 mains has 9 papers - GS 1, GS 2, GS 3, GS 4, Ethics and Integrity, General English, Regional subject and two optional papers.
Also read: UPSC Mock Tests Series for UPSC
- Free download: Complete IAS Prelims Mock Test-1 (100 Questions, Ans. & Explanation
- Free download: Complete IAS Prelims Mock Test-2 (100 Questions, Ans. & Explanation)
- Free download: Complete IAS Prelims Mock Test-3 (100 Questions, Ans. & Explanation)
- Free download: Complete IAS Prelims Mock Test-4 (100 Questions, Ans. & Explanation)
- Free download: Complete IAS Prelims Mock Test-5 (100 Questions, Ans. & Explanation)
UPSC Maths syllabus 2024 - For Paper 1
From the following table, candidates can check the UPSC maths optional syllabus for paper 1.
UPSC Maths Syllabus Paper 1
Linear Algebra | Vector spaces over R and C, linear dependence and independence, subspaces, bases, dimension; linear transformations, rank and nullity, matrix of a linear transformation. Algebra of Matrices; row and column reduction, echelon form, congruence and similarity; rank of a matrix; inverse of a matrix; solution of system of linear equations; eigenvalues and eigenvectors, characteristic polynomial, Cayley-Hamilton theorem, symmetric, skew-symmetric, Hermitian, skew-Hermitian, orthogonal and unitary matrices and their eigenvalues |
Calculus | Real numbers, functions of a real variable, limits, continuity, differentiability, mean value theorem, Taylor’s theorem with remainders, indeterminate forms, maxima and minima, asymptotes; curve tracing; functions of two or three variables: limits, continuity, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, Lagrange’s method of multipliers, Jacobian. Riemann’s definition of definite integrals; indefinite integrals; infinite and improper integrals; double and triple integrals (evaluation techniques only); areas, surface and volumes. |
Analytic Geometry | Cartesian and polar coordinates in three dimensions, second degree equations in three variables, reduction to canonical forms, straight lines, shortest distance between two skew lines; plane, sphere, cone, cylinder, paraboloid, ellipsoid, hyperboloid of one and two sheets and their properties. |
Ordinary Differential Equations | Formulation of differential equations; equations of first order and first degree, integrating factor; orthogonal trajectory; equations of first order but not of first degree, Clairaut’s equation, singular solution. Second and higher order linear equations with constant coefficients, complementary function, particular integral and general solution. Second order linear equations with variable coefficients, Euler-Cauchy equation; determination of complete solution when one solution is known using method of variation of parameters. Laplace and inverse Laplace transforms and their properties; Laplace transforms of elementary functions. Application to initial value problems for 2nd order linear equations with constant coefficients. |
Dynamics & Statics | Rectilinear motion, simple harmonic motion, motion in a plane, projectiles; constrained motion; work and energy, conservation of energy; Kepler’s laws, orbits under central forces. Equilibrium of a system of particles; work and potential energy, friction; common catenary; principle of virtual work; stability of equilibrium, equilibrium of forces in three dimensions. |
Vector Analysis: | Scalar and vector fields, differentiation of vector field of a scalar variable; gradient, divergence and curl in cartesian and cylindrical coordinates; higher order derivatives; vector identities and vector equations. Application to geometry: curves in space, curvature and torsion; Serret-Frenet’s formulae. Gauss and Stokes’ theorems, Green’s identities. |
Quick links:
- UPSC IAS Application Form
- IAS Eligibility Criteria 2024
UPSC Maths Syllabus 2024 - Paper 2
From the following table, we have shared the UPSC 2024 Maths syllabus for paper 2. Candidates can check the IAS maths optional syllabus for paper 2 here in detail.
UPSC Maths syllabus - Paper 2
Algebra | Groups, subgroups, cyclic groups, cosets, Lagrange’s Theorem, normal subgroups, quotient groups, homomorphism of groups, basic isomorphism theorems, permutation groups, Cayley’s theorem. Rings, subrings and ideals, homomorphisms of rings; integral domains, principal ideal domains, Euclidean domains and unique factorization domains; fields, quotient fields. |
Real Analysis | Real number system as an ordered field with least upper bound property; sequences, limit of a sequence, Cauchy sequence, completeness of real line; series and its convergence, absolute and conditional convergence of series of real and complex terms, rearrangement of series. Continuity and uniform continuity of functions, properties of continuous functions on compact sets. Riemann integral, improper integrals; fundamental theorems of integral calculus. Uniform convergence, continuity, differentiability and integrability for sequences and series of functions; partial derivatives of functions of several (two or three) variables, maxima and minima. |
Complex Analysis | Analytic functions, Cauchy-Riemann equations, Cauchy’s theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, power series representation of an analytic function, Taylor’s series; singularities; Laurent’s series; Cauchy’s residue theorem; contour integration. |
Linear Programming | Linear programming problems, basic solution, basic feasible solution and optimal solution; graphical method and simplex method of solutions; duality. Transportation and assignment problems. |
Partial differential equations | Family of surfaces in three dimensions and formulation of partial differential equations; solution of quasilinear partial differential equations of the first order, Cauchy’s method of characteristics; Linear partial differential equations of the second order with constant coefficients, canonical form; equation of a vibrating string, heat equation, Laplace equation and their solutions. |
Numerical Analysis and Computer programming | Numerical methods: solution of algebraic and transcendental equations of one variable by bisection, Regula-Falsi and Newton-Raphson methods; solution of system of linear equations by Gaussian elimination and Gauss-Jordan (direct), Gauss-Seidel(iterative) methods. Newton’s (forward and backward) interpolation, Lagrange’s interpolation. Numerical integration: Trapezoidal rule, Simpson’s rules, Gaussian quadrature formula. Numerical solution of ordinary differential equations: Euler and Runge Kutta-methods. Computer Programming: Binary system; Arithmetic and logical operations on numbers; Octal and Hexadecimal systems; Conversion to and from decimal systems; Algebra of binary numbers. Algorithms and flow charts for solving numerical analysis problems. Elements of computer systems and concept of memory; Basic logic gates and truth tables, Boolean algebra, normal forms. Representation of unsigned integers, signed integers and reals, double precision reals and long integers. |
Mechanics and Fluid Dynamics | Moment of inertia; Motion of rigid bodies in two dimensions., Generalized coordinates; D’ Alembert’s principle and Lagrange’s equations; Hamilton equations; Equation of continuity; Euler’s equation of motion for inviscid flow; Stream-lines, path of a particle; Potential flow; Sources and sinks, Two-dimensional and axisymmetric motion; vortex motion; Navier-Stokes equation for a viscous fluid. |
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- IAS Exam Dates 2024
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UPSC IAS Syllabus 2024
Along with knowing the syllabus of UPSC Maths 2024, candidates must also know about the overall syllabus of the exam. UPSC mentions the syllabus in its official IAS notification. Candidates preparing for the exam must go through the syllabus to know the sections, subjects and topics on which the question paper of IAS will be based.
The IAS syllabus is divided into two parts - Prelims and Mains and optional subjects as well for the mains part. In this article, we have shared the UPSC IAS maths optional syllabus. Some maths concepts also appear in the CSAT exam in the preliminary round, for which candidates must refer to IAS prelims maths syllabus. There are a total of 26 optional subjects in the Civil Services Exam 2024.
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- UPSC IAS Admit Card 2024
- UPSC IAS Exam Centres 2024
UPSC IAS Exam Pattern 2024
Candidates must know the IAS exam pattern along with the UPSC Maths syllabus 2024, for a sorted preparation strategy of the IAS exam 2024. UPSC mentions the IAS exam pattern in the notification. The UPSC exam pattern consists of the number of questions, stages, time duration and marking scheme of the exam.
As per the exam pattern, there are 3 stages - preliminary, mains and personality test/interview. The prelims consists of 2 papers which are MCQ-based, the mains consists of 9 papers in descriptive mode. There is negative marking in the preliminary stage of the UPSC IAS exam. Candidates qualifying each stage will be eligible to appear in the next stage.
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- UPSC IAS Cut off 2024
- UPSC IAS Result 2024
UPSC IAS Maths Preparation Tips 2024
Candidates preparing for the IAS exam can refer to the following pointers on how to approach their preparations for IAS maths exam.
Refer to the detailed syllabus of UPSC Maths 2024 and check the subjects.
Pick the subjects from IAS Maths syllabus which are tough and keep them aside.
Enroll for subject specific classes and try to get your concepts clear for the tougher subjects.
Start solving the UPSC IAS maths optional question papers. The question papers can be downloaded from the official website of UPSC.
Keep analysing your performance from time-to-time to check the progress of the preparations.
Quick links:
- UPSC IAS IAS Salary 2024
- IAS Study Plan 2024
UPSC IAS Maths Books 2024 - For Paper 1 and 2
Apart from the IAS Maths syllabus, candidates must also get to know about the best IAS books through which they can prepare for the Maths optional subject efficiently.
UPSC Maths Books for Paper 1 (topic-wise)
Topics | Name of Books | Author/Publishers |
Analytic Geometry | Analytical Solid Geometry | Shanti Narayan and P K Mittal |
Solid Geometry | P N Chatterjee | |
Calculus | Mathematical Analysis | S C Malik and Savita Arora |
Elements Of Real Analysis | Shanti Narayan and M D Raisinghania | |
Linear Algebra | Schaum Series | Seymour Lipschutz |
Linear Algebra | Hoffman and Kunze | |
Dynamics And Statics | Me Statics & Dynamics | Vasishtha |
Ordinary Differential Equations (Ode) | Ordinary And Partial Differential Equations | M D Raisinghania |
Vector Analysis | Schaum Series | Murray R. Spiegel |
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UPSC IAS Career Guidance | How to prepare for UPSC Civil Services Interview |
Topic-wise UPSC Maths Books for Paper 2
Topics | Name of the Books | Author/ Publisher |
Complex Analysis | Complex Variable (Schaum's Outlines | Spiegel, Lipschitz, Schiller, Spellman |
Real Analysis | Elements Of Real Analysis | Shanti Narayan and M D Raisinghania |
Algebra | Contemporary Abstract Algebra | Joseph Gallian |
Partial Differential Equations | Advanced Differential Equations | M D Raisinghania |
Linear Programming | Linear Programming And Game Theory | Lakshmishree Bandopadhyay |
Mechanics And Fluid Dynamics | Fluid Dynamics | Krishna Prakashan |
Numerical Analysis And Computer Programming | Computer-Based Numerical And Statistical Techniques | M.Goyal |
Numerical Methods | Jain, Iyengar, and Jain | |
Digital-logic And Computer Design | M. Morris Mano |
Other optional subjects syllabus of IAS exam 2024
- UPSC Ethics Syllabus
- UPSC Geology Syllabus
- UPSC History Syllabus
- UPSC Chemistry Syllabus
- UPSC Economics Syllabus
- UPSC Sociology Syllabus
- UPSC Agriculture Syllabus
- UPSC Psychology Syllabus
- UPSC Political Science Syllabus
- UPSC Public Administration Syllabus
- UPSC Geography Syllabus
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