With the help of the UPSC Psychology syllabus 2022, candidates can check the important chapters and topics asked in the exam. Along with the Psychology syllabus for UPSC, candidates must also check UPSC Psychology books for their effective preparation. Candidates can also download UPSC Psychology syllabus PDF for their convenience. For more details about the UPSC Psychology syllabus 2022, candidates can check the article given below.
Definition of Psychology
Psychology in relation to other social sciences and natural sciences
Application of Psychology to societal problems.
Historical antecedents of Psychology and trends in the 21st century
Psychology and scientific methods
Methods of Psychology
Types of research: Descriptive, evaluative, diagnostic and prognostic
Characteristics of experimental design and non-experimental designs; quasi-experimental designs
Focussed group discussions, brainstorming, grounded theory approach.
Methods of Research: Survey, observation, case-study and experiments
Major steps in psychological research (problem statement, hypothesis formulation, research design, sampling, tools of data collection, analysis and interpretation and report writing)
Application of statistical techniques (t-test, two-way ANOVA, correlation and regression and factor analysis) item response theory
Fundamental versus applied research; Methods of data collection (interview, observation, questionnaire and case study).
Research Designs (Ex-post facto and experimental).
Development of Human Behaviour
Influence of cultural factors in socialization; Life span development—Characteristics, development tasks, promoting psychological well-being across major stages of the life span
Growth and development; Principles of development, Role of genetic and environmental factors in determining human behaviour
Sensation, Attention and Perception
Sensation: concepts of threshold, absolute and difference thresholds, signal-detection and vigilance
Factors influencing attention including set and characteristics of stimulus; Definition and concept of perception, biological factors in perception
Perceptual organization-influence of past experiences, perceptual defence-factor influencing space and depth perception, size estimation and perceptual readiness
The plasticity of perception
Culture and perception, Subliminal perception.
Concepts and theories of learning (Behaviourists, Gestalt List and Information processing models).
Programmed learning, probability learning, self instructional learning, concepts, types and the schedules of reinforcement, escape, avoidance and punishment, modelling and social learning.
The processes of extinction, discrimination and generalisation.
Encoding and remembering; Short-term memory, Long-term memory, Sensory memory, Iconic memory
Echoic memory: The Multistore model, levels of processing
Organization and Mnemonic techniques to improve memory
Theories of forgetting: decay, interference and retrieval failure: Metamemory
Amnesia: Anterograde and retrograde.
Thinking and Problem Solving
Piaget’s theory of cognitive development
Concept formation processes
Information processing, Reasoning and problem solving, Facilitating and hindering factors in problem solving,
Methods of problem solving: Creative thinking and fostering creativity
Factors influencing decision making and judgement; Recent trends
Motivation and Emotion
Psychological and physiological basis of motivation and emotion
Measurement of motivation and emotion; Effects of motivation and emotion on behaviour
Extrinsic and intrinsic motivation
Factors influencing intrinsic motivation
Emotional competence and the related issues
Intelligence and Aptitude
Concept of intelligence and aptitude, Nature and theories of intelligence-Spearman, Thurstone, Gulford Vernon, Sternberg and J.P. Das
Emotional Intelligence, Social intelligence, measurement of intelligence and aptitudes, concept of I Q deviation I Q, constancy of I Q
Measurement of multiple intelligence; Fluid intelligence and crystallized intelligence
Definition and concept of personality; Theories of personality (psychoanalytical, socio-cultural, interpersonal, developmental, humanistic, behaviouristic, trait and type approaches)
Measurement of personality (projective tests, pencil-paper test)
The Indian approach to personality; Training for personality development
Latest approaches like big 5 factor theory
The notion of self in different traditions.
Attitudes, Values and Interests
Definitions of attitudes, values and interests
Components of attitudes
Formation and maintenance of attitudes. Measurement of attitudes, values and interests. Theories of attitude changes, strategies for fostering values. Formation of stereotypes and prejudices
Changing other’s behaviour, Theories of attribution; Recent trends
Language and Communication
Human language—Properties, structure and linguistic hierarchy, Language acquisition—predisposition, critical period hypothesis
Theories of Language development—Skinner and Chomsky; Process and types of communication—effective commu-nication training
Issues and Perspectives in Modern Contemporary Psychology
Computer application in the psychological laboratory and psychological testing; Artificial intelligence
Psycho Cybernetics; Study of consciousness sleep-wake schedules; dreams, stimulus deprivation, meditation, hypnotic/drug induced states
Extrasensory perception; Intersensory perception; Simulation studies
Psychological Measurement of Individual Differences
The nature of individual differences. Characteristics and construction of standardized psychological tests. Types of psychological tests.
Use, misuse and limitation of psychological tests.
Ethical issues in the use of psychological tests
Psychological well being and Mental Disorders
Factors influencing positive health, well being; lifestyle and quality of life; Happiness disposition
Concept of health-ill health positive health, well being causal factors in Mental disorders (Anxiety disorders, mood disorders; schizophrenia and delusional disorders; personality disorders, substance abuse disorders)
Indigenous therapies (Yoga, Meditation). Biofeedback therapy. Prevention and rehabilitation of the mentally ill; Fostering mental health.
Psychodynamic therapies. Behaviour therapies. Client centered therapy. Cognitive therapies.
Work Psychology and Organisational Behaviour
Herzberg, Maslow, Adam Equity theory, Porter and Lawler, Vroom; Leadership and participatory management; Advertising and marketing; Stress and its management
Training and human resource development.
Theories of work motivation.
Ergonomics; consumer psychology; Managerial effectiveness; Transformational leadership
Sensitivity training; Power and politics in organizations
Personnel selection and training. Use of Psychological tests in the industry.
Application of Psychology to Educational Field
Psychological principles underlying effective teaching-learning processes. Learning styles.
Gifted, retarded, learning disabled and their training. Training for improving memory and better academic achievement.
Personality development and value education. Educational, vocational guidance and Career counselling.
Use of Psychological tests in educational institutions
Effective strategies in guidance programmes
Definition and concept of Community Psychology. Use of small groups in social action.
Arousing Community consciousness and action for handling social problems.
Group decision making and leadership for social change. Effective strategies for social change
Primary, secondary and tertiary prevention programmes—role of psychologists.
Rehabilitation of persons suffering from substance abuse, juvenile delinquency, criminal behaviours.
Rehabilitation of victims of violence.
Rehabilitation of HIV/AIDS victims, the role of social agencies
Organising services for rehabilitation of physically, mentally and socially challenged persons including old persons.
Application of Psychology to disadvantaged groups
Educating and motivating the disadvantaged towards development; Relative and prolonged deprivation.
The concepts of disadvantaged, deprivation, social, physical, cultural and economic consequences of disadvantaged and deprived groups.
Psychological problem of social integration
Causal factors of such conflicts and prejudices. Psychological strategies for handling the conflicts and prejudices.
Measures to achieve social integration
The concept of social integration. The problem of caste, class, religion and language conflicts and prejudice. Nature and manifestation of prejudice between the ingroup and outgroup.
Application of Psychology in Information Technology and Mass Media
The present scenario of information technology and the mass media boom and the role of psychologists.
Selection and training of Psychology professionals to work in the field of IT and mass media.
Distance learning through IT and mass media. Entrepreneurship through e-commerce.
Multilevel marketing. Impact of TV and fostering value through IT and mass media.
Psychological consequences of recent developments in Information Technology
Psychology and Economic development
Achievement motivation and economic development.
Characteristics of entrepreneurial behaviour.
Motivating and Training people for entrepreneurship and economic development
Consumer rights and consumer awareness
Government policies for promotion of entrepreneurship among youth including women entrepreneurs.
Application of Psychology to environment and related fields
Environmental Psychology effects of noise, pollution and crowding.
Psychological consequence of population explosion and high population density.
Motivating for small family norms. Impact of rapid scientific and technological growth on degradation of the environment.
Application of psychology in other fields :
Military Psychology: Devising psychological tests for defence personnel for use in selection, Training, counseling; training psychologists to work with defence personnel in promoting positive health; Human engineering in defence.
Psychology of Gender: Issues of discrimination, Management of diversity; Glass ceiling effect, Self-fulfilling prophesy, Women and Indian society
Sports Psychology: Psychological interventions in improving performance of athletes and sports. Persons participating in Individual and Team Games.