# GATE Exam Syllabus 2025 - All Subject Syllabus PDF Download

**GATE exam syllabus 2025 -** IIT Roorkee has uploaded the GATE 2025 exam syllabus on the website, gate2025.iitr.ac.in. The syllabus of GATE 2025 is available for all 30 papers. Candidates can use the GATE exam syllabus pdf to prepare for the exam and obtain high marks in the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering. The syllabus will comprise important topics for preparation of the exam. The authority will prepare the GATE question paper as per the syllabus. The GATE 2025 syllabus for CSE and other subjects provides an outline of the topics that will be tested in the exam. Aspirants must refer to the GATE exam pattern to understand the format of the exam, the marking scheme and more. Candidates are advised to practice the GATE 2025 mock tests after completing the GATE exam syllabus 2025 to gauge their preparation level. IIT Roorkee will conduct GATE 2025 on February 1, 2, 15 & 16, 2025. Check the subject-wise GATE 2025 syllabus pdf download.

## GATE General Aptitude Syllabus 2025

The GATE General Aptitude syllabus is common for all 30 GATE papers. The general aptitude section holds 15% weightage in the GATE question paper. Candidates can check the chapters and the topics of the GATE 2025 GA syllabus from the table below.

### GATE GA Syllabus 2025

Chapters | Topics |

Verbal Aptitude | Basic English grammar: tenses, articles, adjectives, prepositions, conjunctions, verb-noun agreement, and other parts of speech Basic vocabulary: words, idioms, and phrases in context, reading and comprehension, Narrative sequencing. |

Quantitative Aptitude | Data interpretation: data graphs (bar graphs, pie charts, and other graphs representing data), 2- and 3-dimensional plots, maps, and tables Numerical computation and estimation: ratios, percentages, powers, exponents and logarithms, permutations and combinations, and series Mensuration and geometry Elementary statistics and probability. |

Analytical Aptitude | Logic: deduction and induction, Analogy, Numerical relations and reasoning |

Spatial Aptitude | Transformation of shapes: translation, rotation, scaling, mirroring, assembling, and grouping paper folding, cutting, and patterns in 2 and 3 dimensions. |

## GATE CSE syllabus 2025

Candidates appearing for the GATE CS (Computer Science and Information Technology) exam can check the topic-wise GATE CSE syllabus below. The engineering mathematics section will comprise 13 marks in the GATE 2025 CSE question paper.

### GATE syllabus Computer Science and Information Technology

Chapters | Topics |

Engineering Mathematics | Discrete Mathematics: Propositional and first order logic. Sets, relations, functions, partial orders and lattices. Monoids, Groups; Graphs: connectivity, matching, colouring; Combinatorics: counting, recurrence relations, generating functions; Linear Algebra: Matrices, determinants, system of linear equations, eigenvalues and eigenvectors, LU decomposition; Calculus: Limits, continuity and differentiability, Maxima and minima, Mean value theorem, Integration; Probability and Statistics: Random variables, Uniform, normal, exponential, Poisson and binomial distributions, Mean, median, mode and standard deviation, conditional probability and Bayes theorem. |

Digital Logic | Boolean algebra. Combinational and sequential circuits. Minimization. Number representations and computer arithmetic (fixed and floating point). |

Computer Organization and Architecture | Machine instructions and addressing modes. ALU, dataâ€path and control unit. Instruction pipelining, pipeline hazards. Memory hierarchy: cache, main memory and secondary storage; I/O interface (interrupt and DMA mode). |

Programming and Data Structures | Programming in C. Recursion. Arrays, stacks, queues, linked lists, trees, binary search trees, binary heaps, graphs. |

Algorithms | Searching, sorting, hashing. Asymptotic worst case time and space complexity. Algorithm design techniques: greedy, dynamic programming and divideâ€andâ€conquer. Graph traversals, minimum spanning trees, shortest paths. |

Theory of Computation | Regular expressions and finite automata. Context-free grammars and push-down automata. Regular and context-free languages, pumping lemma. Turing machines and undecidability. |

Compiler Design | Lexical analysis, parsing, syntax-directed translation. Runtime environments. Intermediate code generation. Local optimisation, Data flow analyses: constant propagation, liveness analysis, common sub expression elimination. |

Operating System | System calls, processes, threads, interâ€process communication, concurrency and synchronization. Deadlock. CPU and I/O scheduling. Memory management and virtual memory. File systems. |

Databases | ERâ€model. Relational model: relational algebra, tuple calculus, SQL. Integrity constraints, normal forms. File organization, indexing (e.g., B and B+ trees). Transactions and concurrency control. |

Computer Networks | Concept of layering: OSI and TCP/IP Protocol Stacks; Basics of packet, circuit and virtual circuit switching; Data link layer: framing, error detection, Medium Access Control, Ethernet bridging; Routing protocols: shortest path, flooding, distance vector and link state routing; Fragmentation and IP addressing, IPv4, CIDR notation, Basics of IP support protocols (ARP, DHCP, ICMP), Network Address Translation (NAT); Transport layer: flow control and congestion control, UDP, TCP, sockets; Application layer protocols: DNS, SMTP, HTTP, FTP, Email. |

## GATE Civil Engineering syllabus 2025

The GATE CE (Civil Engineering) core subjects will comprise 72 marks. The GA and engineering mathematics sections will be held for 15 and 13 marks respectively. Candidates can check the GATE 2025 CE syllabus below.

### GATE CE syllabus

Chapters | Topics |

Engineering Mathematics | Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra; Systems of linear equations; eigen values and eigen vectors. Calculus: Functions of single variable; Limit, continuity and differentiability; Mean value theorems, local maxima and minima; Taylor series; Evaluation of definite and indefinite integrals, application of definite integral to obtain area and volume; Partial derivatives; Total derivative; Gradient, Divergence and Curl, Vector identities; Directional derivatives; Line, Surface and Volume integrals. Ordinary Differential Equation (ODE): First order (linear and non-linear) equations; higher order linear equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equations; initial and boundary value problems. Partial Differential Equation (PDE): Fourier series; Separation of variables; solutions of onedimensional diffusion equation; first and second order one-dimensional wave equation and twodimensional Laplace equation. Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems; Conditional probability; Descriptive statistics – Mean, median, mode and standard deviation; Random Variables – Discrete and Continuous, Poisson and Normal Distribution; Linear regression. Numerical Methods: Error analysis. Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; Newton’s and Lagrange polynomials; numerical differentiation; Integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rule; Single and multi-step methods for first order differential equations. |

Structural Engineering | Engineering Mechanics: System of forces, free-body diagrams, equilibrium equations; Internal forces in structures; Frictions and its applications; Centre of mass; Free Vibrations of undamped SDOF system. Solid Mechanics: Bending moment and shear force in statically determinate beams; Simple stress and strain relationships; Simple bending theory, flexural and shear stresses, shear centre; Uniform torsion, Transformation of stress; buckling of column, combined and direct bending stresses. Structural Analysis: Statically determinate and indeterminate structures by force/ energy methods; Method of superposition; Analysis of trusses, arches, beams, cables and frames; Displacement methods: Slope deflection and moment distribution methods; Influence lines; Stiffness and flexibility methods of structural analysis. Construction Materials and Management: Construction Materials: Structural Steel – Composition, material properties and behaviour; Concrete - Constituents, mix design, short-term and long-term properties. Construction Management: Types of construction projects; Project planning and network analysis - PERT and CPM; Cost estimation. Concrete Structures: Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of beams, slabs, columns; Bond and development length; Prestressed concrete beams. Steel Structures: Working stress and Limit state design concepts; Design of tension and compression members, beams and beam- columns, column bases; Connections - simple and eccentric, bea |

Geotechnical Engineering | Soil Mechanics: Three-phase system and phase relationships, index properties; Unified and Indian standard soil classification system; Permeability - one dimensional flow, Seepage through soils – two - dimensional flow, flow nets, uplift pressure, piping, capillarity, seepage force; Principle of effective stress and quicksand condition; Compaction of soils; One- dimensional consolidation, time rate of consolidation; Shear Strength, Mohr’s circle, effective and total shear strength parameters, Stress-Strain characteristics of clays and sand; Stress paths. Foundation Engineering: Sub-surface investigations - Drilling bore holes, sampling, plate load test, standard penetration and cone penetration tests; Earth pressure theories - Rankine and Coulomb; Stability of slopes – Finite and infinite slopes, Bishop’s method; Stress distribution in soils – Boussinesq’s theory; Pressure bulbs, Shallow foundations – Terzaghi’s and Meyerhoff’s bearing capacity theories, effect of water table; Combined footing and raft foundation; Contact pressure; Settlement analysis in sands and clays; Deep foundations – dynamic and static formulae, Axial load capacity of piles in sands and clays, pile load test, pile under lateral loading, pile group efficiency, negative skin friction. |

Water Resources Engineering | Fluid Mechanics: Properties of fluids, fluid statics; Continuity, momentum and energy equations and their applications; Potential flow, Laminar and turbulent flow; Flow in pipes, pipe networks; Concept of boundary layer and its growth; Concept of lift and drag. Hydraulics: Forces on immersed bodies; Flow measurement in channels and pipes; Dimensional analysis and hydraulic similitude; Channel Hydraulics - Energy-depth relationships, specific energy, critical flow, hydraulic jump, uniform flow, gradually varied flow and water surface profiles. Hydrology: Hydrologic cycle, precipitation, evaporation, evapo-transpiration, watershed, infiltration, unit hydrographs, hydrograph analysis, reservoir capacity, flood estimation and routing, surface run-off models, ground water hydrology - steady state well hydraulics and aquifers; Application of Darcy’s Law. Irrigation: Types of irrigation systems and methods; Crop water requirements - Duty, delta, evapotranspiration; Gravity Dams and Spillways; Lined and unlined canals, Design of weirs on |

Environmental Engineering | Water and Waste Water Quality and Treatment: Basics of water quality standards – Physical, chemical and biological parameters; Water quality index; Unit processes and operations; Water requirement; Water distribution system; Drinking water treatment. Sewerage system design, quantity of domestic wastewater, primary and secondary treatment. Effluent discharge standards; Sludge disposal; Reuse of treated sewage for different applications. Air Pollution: Types of pollutants, their sources and impacts, air pollution control, air quality standards, Air quality Index and limits. Municipal Solid Wastes: Characteristics, generation, collection and transportation of solid wastes, engineered systems for solid waste management (reuse/ recycle, energy recovery, treatment and disposal). |

Transportation Engineering | Transportation Infrastructure: Geometric design of highways - cross-sectional elements, sight distances, horizontal and vertical alignments. Geometric design of railway Track – Speed and Cant. Concept of airport runway length, calculations and corrections; taxiway and exit taxiway design. Highway Pavements: Highway materials - desirable properties and tests; Desirable properties of bituminous paving mixes; Design factors for flexible and rigid pavements; Design of flexible and rigid pavement using IRC codes. Traffic Engineering: Traffic studies on flow and speed, peak hour factor, accident study, statistical analysis of traffic data; Microscopic and macroscopic parameters of traffic flow, fundamental relationship |

Geomatics Engineering | Principles of surveying; Errors and their adjustment; Maps - scale, coordinate system; Distance and angle measurement - Levelling and trigonometric levelling; Traversing and triangulation survey; Total station; Horizontal and vertical curves. Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing - Scale, flying height; Basics of remote sensing and GIS. |

## GATE 2025 Electronics and Communications syllabus

There are a total of 8 chapters under the GATE ECE exam syllabus. Students must have a good understanding of the core topics of Electronics and Communication Engineering to excel in the GATE 2025 ECE question paper.

### GATE ECE syllabus

Chapters | Topics |

Engineering Mathematics | Linear Algebra: Vector space, basis, linear dependence and independence, matrix algebra, eigen values and eigen vectors, rank, solution of linear equations - existence and uniqueness. Calculus: Mean value theorems, theorems of integral calculus, evaluation of definite and improper integrals, partial derivatives, maxima and minima, multiple integrals, line, surface and volume integrals, Taylor series. Differential Equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), higher order linear differential equations, Cauchy's and Euler's equations, methods of solution using variation of parameters, complementary function and particular integral, partial differential equations, variable separable method, initial and boundary value problems. Vector Analysis: Vectors in plane and space, vector operations, gradient, divergence and curl, Gauss's, Green's and Stokes’ theorems. Complex Analysis: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, sequences, series, convergence tests, Taylor and Laurent series, residue theorem. Probability and Statistics: Mean, median, mode, standard deviation, combinatorial probability, probability distributions, binomial distribution, Poisson distribution, exponential distribution, normal distribution, joint and conditional probability. |

Networks, Signals and Systems | Circuit Analysis: Node and mesh analysis, superposition, Thevenin's theorem, Norton’s theorem, reciprocity. Sinusoidal steady state analysis: phasors, complex power, maximum power transfer. Time and frequency domain analysis of linear circuits: RL, RC and RLC circuits, solution of network equations using Laplace transform. Linear 2-port network parameters, wye-delta transformation. Continuous-time Signals: Fourier series and Fourier transform, sampling theorem and applications. Discrete-time Signals: DTFT, DFT, z-transform, discrete-time processing of continuous-time signals. LTI systems: definition and properties, causality, stability, impulse response, convolution, poles and zeroes, frequency response, group delay, phase delay. |

Electronic Devices | Energy bands in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, equilibrium carrier concentration, direct and indirect band-gap semiconductors. Carrier Transport: Diffusion current, drift current, mobility and resistivity, generation and recombination of carriers, Poisson and continuity equations. P-N junction, Zener diode, BJT, MOS capacitor, MOSFET, LED, photo diode and solar cell. |

Analog Circuits | Diode Circuits: Clipping, clamping and rectifiers. BJT and MOSFET Amplifiers: Biasing, AC coupling, small signal analysis, frequency response. Current mirrors and differential amplifiers. Op-amp Circuits: Amplifiers, summers, differentiators, integrators, active filters, Schmitt triggers and oscillators. |

Digital Circuits | Number Representations: Binary, integer and floating-point- numbers. Combinatorial circuits: Boolean algebra, minimization of functions using Boolean identities and Karnaugh map, logic gates and their static CMOS implementations, arithmetic circuits, code converters, multiplexers, decoders. Sequential Circuits: Latches and flip-flops, counters, shift-registers, finite state machines, propagation delay, setup and hold time, critical path delay. Data Converters: Sample and hold circuits, ADCs and DACs. Semiconductor Memories: ROM, SRAM, DRAM. Computer Organization: Machine instructions and addressing modes, ALU, data-path and control unit, instruction pipelining. |

Control Systems | Basic control system components; Feedback principle; Transfer function; Block diagram representation; Signal flow graph; Transient and steady-state analysis of LTI systems; Frequency response; Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist stability criteria; Bode and root-locus plots; Lag, lead and lag-lead compensation; State variable model and solution of state equation of LTI systems. |

Communications | Random Processes: Auto correlation and powerspectral density, properties of white noise, filtering of random signals through LTI systems. Analog Communications: Amplitude modulation and demodulation, angle modulation and demodulation, spectra of AM and FM, super heterodyne receivers. Information Theory: Entropy, mutual information and channel capacity theorem. Digital Communications: PCM, DPCM, digital modulation schemes (ASK, PSK, FSK, QAM), bandwidth, inter-symbol interference, MAP, ML detection, matched filter receiver, SNR and BER. Fundamentals of error correction, Hamming codes, CRC. |

Electromagnetics | Maxwell's Equations: Differential and integral forms and their interpretation, boundary conditions, wave equation, Poynting vector. Plane Waves and Properties: Reflection and refraction, polarization, phase and group velocity, propagation through various media, skin depth. Transmission Lines: Equations, characteristic impedance, impedance matching, impedance transformation, S-parameters, Smith chart. Rectangular and circular waveguides, light propagation in optical fibers, dipole and monopole antennas, linear antenna arrays. |

Also check: GATE CE question paper PDF download

## GATE Mechanical Engineering syllabus 2025

The authority will prepare the GATE ME question paper 2025 as per the GATE ME syllabus. The GATE 2025 ME syllabus includes topics such as Engineering Mathematics, Applied Mechanics, Fluid Mechanics and more.

### GATE syllabus ME

Chapters | Topics |

Engineering Mathematics | Linear Algebra: Matrix algebra, systems of linear equations, eigen values and eigen vectors. Calculus: Functions of single variable, limit, continuity and differentiability, mean value theorems, indeterminate forms; evaluation of definite and improper integrals; double and triple integrals; partial derivatives, total derivative, Taylor series (in one and two variables), maxima and minima, Fourier series; gradient, divergence and curl, vector identities, directional derivatives, line, surface and volume integrals, applications of Gauss, Stokes and Green’s theorems. Differential Equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear); higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients; Euler-Cauchy equation; initial and boundary value problems; Laplace transforms; solutions of heat, wave and Laplace's equations. Complex Variables: Analytic functions; Cauchy-Riemann equations; Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula; Taylor and Laurent series. Probability and Statistics: Definitions of probability, sampling theorems, conditional probability; mean, median, mode and standard deviation; random variables, binomial, Poisson and normal distributions. Numerical Methods: Numerical solutions of linear and non-linear algebraic equations; integration by trapezoidal and Simpson’s rules; single and multi-step methods for differential equations. |

Applied Mechanics and Design | Engineering Mechanics: Free-body diagrams and equilibrium; friction and its applications including rolling friction, belt-pulley, brakes, clutches, screw jack, wedge, vehicles, etc.; trusses and frames; virtual work; kinematics and dynamics of rigid bodies in plane motion; impulse and momentum (linear and angular) and energy formulations; Lagrange’s equation. Mechanics of Materials: Stress and strain, elastic constants, Poisson's ratio; Mohr’s circle for plane stress and plane strain; thin cylinders; shear force and bending moment diagrams; bending and shear stresses; concept of shear centre; deflection of beams; torsion of circular shafts; Euler’s theory of columns; energy methods; thermal stresses; strain gauges and rosettes; testing of materials with universal testing machine; testing of hardness and impact strength. Theory of Machines: Displacement, velocity and acceleration analysis of plane mechanisms; dynamic analysis of linkages; cams; gears and gear trains; flywheels and governors; balancing of reciprocating and rotating masses; gyroscope. Vibrations: Free and forced vibration of single degree of freedom systems, effect of damping; vibration isolation; resonance; critical speeds of shafts. Machine Design: Design for static and dynamic loading; failure theories; fatigue strength and the S-N diagram; principles of the design of machine elements such as bolted, riveted and welded joints; shafts, gears, rolling and sliding contact bearings, brakes and clutches, springs. |

Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Sciences | Fluid Mechanics: Fluid properties; fluid statics, forces on submerged bodies, stability of floating bodies; control-volume analysis of mass, momentum and energy; fluid acceleration; differential equations of continuity and momentum; Bernoulli’s equation; dimensional analysis; viscous flow of incompressible fluids, boundary layer, elementary turbulent flow, flow through pipes, head losses in pipes, bends and fittings; basics of compressible fluid flow. Heat Transfer: Modes of heat transfer; one dimensional heat conduction, resistance concept and electrical analogy, heat transfer through fins; unsteady heat conduction, lumped parameter system, Heisler's charts; thermal boundary layer, dimensionless parameters in free and forced convective heat transfer, heat transfer correlations for flow over flat plates and through pipes, effect of turbulence; heat exchanger performance, LMTD and NTU methods; radiative heat transfer, StefanBoltzmann law, Wien's displacement law, black and grey surfaces, view factors, radiation network analysis Thermodynamics: Thermodynamic systems and processes; properties of pure substances, behavior of ideal and real gases; zeroth and first laws of thermodynamics, calculation of work and heat in various processes; second law of thermodynamics; thermodynamic property charts and tables, availability and irreversibility; thermodynamic relations. Applications: Power Engineering: Air and gas compressors; vapour and gas power cycles, concepts of regeneration and reheat. I.C. Engines: Air-standard Otto, Diesel and dual cycles. Refrigeration and air-conditioning: Vapour and gas refrigeration and heat pump cycles; properties of moist air, psychrometric chart, basic psychrometric processes. Turbomachinery: Impulse and reaction principles, velocity diagrams, Pelton-wheel, Francis and Kaplan turbines; steam and gas turbines. |

Materials, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering | Engineering Materials: Structure and properties of engineering materials, phase diagrams, heat treatment, stress-strain diagrams for engineering materials. Casting, Forming and Joining Processes: Different types of castings, design of patterns, moulds and cores;solidification and cooling; riser and gating design. Plastic deformation and yield criteria; fundamentals of hot and cold working processes; load estimation for bulk (forging, rolling, extrusion, drawing) and sheet (shearing, deep drawing, bending) metal forming processes; principles of powder metallurgy. Principles of welding, brazing, soldering and adhesive bonding. Machining and Machine Tool Operations: Mechanics of machining; basic machine tools; single and multi-point cutting tools, tool geometry and materials, tool life and wear; economics of machining; principles of non-traditional machining processes; principles of work holding, jigs and fixtures; abrasive machining processes; NC/CNC machines and CNC programming. Metrology and Inspection: Limits, fits and tolerances; linear and angular measurements; comparators; interferometry; form and finish measurement; alignment and testing methods; tolerance analysis in manufacturing and assembly; concepts of coordinate-measuring machine (CMM). Computer Integrated Manufacturing: Basic concepts of CAD/CAM and their integration tools; additive manufacturing. Production Planning and Control: Forecasting models, aggregate production planning, scheduling, materials requirement planning; lean manufacturing. Inventory Control: Deterministic models; safety stock inventory control systems. Operations Research: Linear programming, simplex method, transportation, assignment, network flow models, simple queuing models, PERT and CPM. |

## GATE Electrical Engineering syllabus 2025

Candidates appearing for the Electrical Engineering GATE exam can check the complete topic-wise GATE 2025 EE syllabus from the following table.

### GATE EE syllabus

Chapters | Topics |

Engineering Mathematics | Linear Algebra: Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigen values, Eigen vectors. Calculus: Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier series, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line integral, Surface integral, Volume integral, Stokes’s theorem, Gauss’s theorem, Divergence theorem, Green’s theorem. Differential Equations: First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s equation, Euler’s equation, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial Differential Equations, Method of separation of variables. Complex Variables: Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, Taylor series, Laurent series, Residue theorem, Solution integrals. Probability and Statistics: Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, Median, Mode, Standard Deviation, Random variables, Discrete and Continuous distributions, Poisson distribution, Normal distribution, Binomial distribution, Correlation analysis, Regression analysis. |

Electric circuits | Network Elements: Ideal voltage and current sources, dependent sources, R, L, C, M elements; Network solution methods: KCL, KVL, Node and Mesh analysis; Network Theorems: Thevenin’s, Norton’s, Superposition and Maximum Power Transfer theorem; Transient response of DC and AC networks, sinusoidal steady-state analysis, resonance, two port networks, balanced three phase circuits, star-delta transformation, complex power and power factor in AC circuits. |

Electromagnetic Fields | Coulomb's Law, Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Gauss's Law, Divergence, Electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions, Effect of dielectric medium, Capacitance of simple configurations, Biotâ€Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Curl, Faraday’s law, Lorentz force, Inductance, Magnetomotive force, Reluctance, Magnetic circuits, Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations. |

Signals and Systems | Representation of continuous and discrete time signals, shifting and scaling properties, linear time invariant and causal systems, Fourier series representation of continuous and discrete time periodic signals, sampling theorem, Applications of Fourier Transform for continuous and discrete time signals, Laplace Transform and Z transform. R.M.S. value, average value calculation for any general periodic waveform. |

Electrical Machines | Single phase transformer: equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, open circuit and short circuit tests, regulation and efficiency; Three-phase transformers: connections, vector groups, parallel operation; Auto-transformer, Electromechanical energy conversion principles; DC machines: separately excited, series and shunt, motoring and generating mode of operation and their characteristics, speed control of dc motors; Three-phase induction machines: principle of operation, types, performance, torque-speed characteristics, no-load and blocked-rotor tests, equivalent circuit, starting and speed control; Operating principle of single-phase induction motors; Synchronous machines: cylindrical and salient pole machines, performance and characteristics, regulation and parallel operation of generators, starting of synchronous motors; Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric machines. |

Power Systems | Basic concepts of electrical power generation, AC and DC transmission concepts, Models and performance of transmission lines and cables, Economic Load Dispatch (with and without considering transmission losses), Series and shunt compensation, Electric field distribution and insulators, Distribution systems, Perâ€unit quantities, Bus admittance matrix, Gauss- Seidel and Newton-Raphson load flow methods, Voltage and Frequency control, Power factor correction, Symmetrical components, Symmetrical and unsymmetrical fault analysis, Principles of overâ€ current, differential, directional and distance protection; Circuit breakers, System stability concepts, Equal area criterion. |

Control Systems | Mathematical modelling and representation of systems, Feedback principle, transfer function, Block diagrams and Signal flow graphs, Transient and Steadyâ€state analysis of linear time invariant systems, Stability analysis using Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist criteria, Bode plots, Root loci, Lag, Lead and Leadâ€Lag compensators; P, PI and PID controllers; State space model, Solution of state equations of LTI systems. |

Electrical and Electronic Measurements | Bridges and Potentiometers, Measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor; Instrument transformers, Digital voltmeters and multi-meters, Phase, Time and Frequency measurement; Oscilloscopes, Error analysis. |

Analog and Digital Electronics | Simple diode circuits: clipping, clamping, rectifiers; Amplifiers: biasing, equivalent circuit and frequency response; oscillators and feedback amplifiers; operational amplifiers: characteristics and applications; single stage active filters, Active Filters: Sallen Key, Butterwoth, VCOs and timers, combinatorial and sequential logic circuits, multiplexers, demultiplexers, Schmitt triggers, sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters. |

Power Electronics | Static V-I characteristics and firing/gating circuits for Thyristor, MOSFET, IGBT; DC to DC conversion: Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost Converters; Single and three-phase configuration of uncontrolled rectifiers; Voltage and Current commutated Thyristor based converters; Bidirectional ac to dc voltage source converters; Magnitude and Phase of line current harmonics for uncontrolled and thyristor based converters; Power factor and Distortion Factor of AC to DC converters; Singlephase and three-phase voltage and current source inverters, sinusoidal pulse width modulation. |

Related link: GATE electrical engineering question paper

## GATE 2025 Chemistry syllabus

The GATE chemistry exam will have two sections- GA and core chemistry. Candidates appearing for the GATE exam for Chemistry can check the GATE Chemistry Syllabus PDF 2025 for the detailed topic-wise syllabus. The GATE syllabus for chemistry covers topics from:

Physical Chemistry

Inorganic Chemistry

Organic Chemistry

## GATE 2025 DA syllabus

Candidates appearing for the GATE Data Science & Artificial Intelligence paper must check the GATE DA syllabus. Candidates can download the GATE DA syllabus 2025 PDF online. The GATE DA 2025 syllabus comprises topics from:

Probability and Statistics

Linear Algebra

Calculus and Optimization

Programming, Data Structures and Algorithms

Database Management and Warehousing

Machine Learning

AI

## GATE Ecology and Evolution syllabus 2025

The authorities have released the GATE 2025 EY syllabus pdf online. The GATE Ecology and Evolution syllabus includes:

Ecology

Evolution

Mathematics and Quantitative Ecology

Behavioural Ecology

Applied Ecology & Evolution

## GATE 2025 Statistics syllabus

The GATE statistics paper will have the GA section for 15 marks, while the core statics subjects will comprise 85 marks. Candidates can check the GATE Statistics syllabus PDF to prepare for the upcoming GATE exam.

Calculus

Matrix Theory

Probability

Standard Discrete and Continuous Univariate Distributions

Stochastic Processes

Estimation

Testing of Hypotheses

Non-parametric Statistics

Multivariate Analysis

Regression Analysis

## GATE 2025 Architecture and Planning Syllabus

Candidates can check the topic-wise GATE AR 2025 syllabus below. The GATE Architecture and Planning question paper PDF will comprise 15 marks for GA and 85 marks for the core subject. The GATE 2025 AR syllabus includes the following topics:

Part A (Common) - Architecture, Planning and Design; Construction and Management; Environmental Planning and Design; Urban Design, landscape and Conservation; Planning process; Housing; Services and Infrastructure

Part B1 (Architecture) - History and Contemporary Architecture; Building Construction and Structural systems; Building Services and Sustainability

Part B2 (Planning) - Regional and Settlement Planning; Planning Techniques and Management; Infrastructure Planning

## GATE Biotechnology Syllabus 2025

Candidates appearing in the GATE exam for Biotechnology subject can check the GATE BT 2025 syllabus topics below. Candidates must note that the GATE 2025 Biotechnology paper will comprise 13 marks for Engineering Mathematics.

Engineering Mathematics

General Biology

Genetics, Cellular and Molecular Biology

Fundamentals of Biological Engineering

Bioprocess Engineering and Process Biotechnology

Plant, Animal and Microbial Biotechnology

Recombinant DNA Technology and Other Tools in Biotechnology

## GATE 2025 Aerospace Engineering Syllabus

Aerospace Engineering aspirants can check the GATE AE Syllabus PDF 2025 for the detailed topic-wise syllabus. The GATE syllabus for Aerospace Engineering covers topics from:

Engineering Mathematics

Flight Mechanics

Space Dynamics

Aerodynamics

Structures

Propulsion

## GATE 2025 Agricultural Syllabus

The authority has released the GATE AG syllabus 2025 pdf online. The GATE Agricultural Engineering syllabus includes:

Engineering Mathematics

Farm Machinery

Farm Power

Soil and Water Conservation Engineering

Irrigation and Drainage Engineering

Agricultural Process Engineering

Dairy and Food Engineering

## GATE Chemical Engineering Syllabus 2025

Candidates appearing in the GATE exam for Chemical Engineering must check the GATE CH 2025 syllabus to prepare for the exam effectively. The GATE 2025 CH syllabus includes topics from:

Engineering Mathematics

Process Calculations and Thermodynamics

Fluid Mechanics and Mechanical Operations

Heat Transfer

Mass Transfer

Chemical Reaction Engineering

Instrumentation and Process Control

Plant Design and Economics

Chemical Technology

## GATE Environmental Science and Engineering Syllabus

The GATE ES question paper will have the GA section for 15 marks, the engineering mathematics section for 13 marks and the core subjects will comprise 72 marks. The GATE 2025 Environmental Science and Engineering syllabus includes topics from:

Mathematics Foundation

Environmental Chemistry

Environmental Microbiology

Water Resources and Environmental Hydraulics

Water & Wastewater Treatment and Management

Air and Noise Pollution

Solid and Hazardous Waste Management

Global and Regional Environmental Issues

Environmental Management and Sustainable Development

## GATE 2025 Syllabus Naval Architecture & Marine Engineering

The GATE Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering question paper will comprise 13 marks for Engineering Mathematics. Candidates can check the GATE NM 2025 syllabus topics below.

Engineering Mathematics

Applied Mechanics and Structures

Fluid Mechanics and Marine Hydrodynamics

Naval Architecture and Ocean Engineering

Thermodynamics and Marine Engineering

## GATE Geology and Geophysics Syllabus 2025

The authority has released the GATE 2025 Geology and Geophysics syllabus pdf online. The GATE GG syllabus comprises topics from:

Geomorphology

Structural Geology

Crystallography and Mineralogy

Geochemistry

Solid-Earth Geophysics

Potential and Time-Varying Fields

Earthquake Seismology

Geophysical Well Logging

Paleobiology

Stratigraphy

Sedimentology

## GATE Mathematics 2025 syllabus

Candidates appearing in the GATE exam for Mathematics subject can check the complete GATE MA syllabus below.

Calculus

Linear Algebra

Real Analysis

Complex Analysis

Ordinary Differential Equations

Algebra

Functional Analysis

Numerical Analysis

Partial Differential Equations

Topology

Linear Programming

## GATE 2025 Physics Syllabus

The authority will prepare the GATE physics question paper as per the GATE PH syllabus. The GATE physics 2025 syllabus includes the following topics:

Mathematical Physics

Classical Mechanics

Electromagnetic Theory

Quantum Mechanics

Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics

Atomic and Molecular Physics

Solid State Physics

Electronics

Nuclear and Particle Physics

## GATE Instrumentation Engineering Syllabus 2025

Candidates appearing for the Instrumentation Engineering exam in GATE 2025 can check the GATE 2025 IN syllabus pdf to know the detailed list of topics that must be prepared for the exam. The GATE instrumentation syllabus includes the following chapters:

Engineering Mathematics

Electricity and Magnetism

Electrical Circuits and Machines

Signals and Systems

Control Systems

Analog Electronics

Digital Electronics

Measurements

Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation

Communication and Optical Instrumentation

## GATE Mining Engineering Syllabus 2025

The authority has released the GATE MN engineering syllabus PDF online. Candidates can check the GATE 2025 Mining Engineering syllabus below.

Engineering Mathematics

Mining Geology, Mine Development and Surveying

Geomechanics and Ground Control

Mining Methods and Machinery

Surface Environment, Mine Ventilation and Underground Hazards

Mineral Economics, Mine Planning, Systems Engineering

## GATE 2025 Metallurgical Engineering Syllabus

The authority will prepare the GATE MT question paper 2025 as per the syllabus. The GATE Metallurgical Engineering syllabus includes topics such as Engineering Mathematics, Metallurgical Thermodynamics, Mechanical Metallurgy and more.

Engineering Mathematics

Metallurgical Thermodynamics

Transport Phenomena and Rate Processes

Mineral Processing and Extractive Metallurgy

Physical Metallurgy

Mechanical Metallurgy

Manufacturing Processes

## GATE 2025 Geomatics Engineering Syllabus

Candidates must prepare all the topics mentioned in the GATE GE syllabus pdf. The GATE Geomatics Engineering syllabus includes Engineering Mathematics and more.

Part A (Common) - Engineering Mathematics, Remote Sensing, GNSS, GIS

Part B1 (Surveying and Mapping) - Maps, Land Surveying, Aerial Photogrammetry

Part B2 (Image Processing and Analysis) - Data Quantization and Processing, Digital Image Processing, Radiometric and Geometric Corrections, Image Enhancement, Image Transformation, Image Segmentation and Classification

## GATE Textile Engineering and Fiber Science Syllabus 2025

The GATE TF question paper will be based on the GATE 2025 TF syllabus provided by the authority. Candidates can check the GATE Textile Engineering and Fiber Science syllabus below.

Engineering Mathematics

Textile Fibres

Yarn Manufacture, Yarn Structure and Properties

Fabric Manufacture, Structure and Properties

Textile Testing

Chemical Processing

## GATE 2025 Production and Industrial Engineering Syllabus

The GATE Production and Industrial Engineering question paper will comprise 13 marks for Engineering Mathematics, 15 marks for the compulsory GA section and 72 marks for the core subject. Candidates can check the GATE PI 2025 syllabus below.

Engineering Mathematics

General Engineering

Manufacturing Processes I

Manufacturing Processes II

Quality and Reliability

Industrial Engineering

Operations research and Operations management

## GATE Biomedical Engineering Syllabus 2025

The GATE exam authority has released the GATE syllabus pdf for Biomedical Engineering online. Candidates can check the GATE 2025 BM syllabus below.

Engineering Mathematics

Electrical Circuits

Signals and Systems

Analog and Digital Electronics

Measurements and Control Systems

Sensors and Bioinstrumentation

Human Anatomy and Physiology

Medical Imaging Systems

Biomechanics

Biomaterials

## GATE Petroleum Engineering Syllabus 2025

Candidates can download the GATE PE 2025 syllabus pdf for the detailed syllabus. The GATE 2025 Petroleum Engineering syllabus comprises topics from the following sections:

Engineering Mathematics

Petroleum Exploration

Oil and Gas Well Drilling Technology

Reservoir Engineering

Petroleum Production Operations

Offshore Drilling and Production Practices

Petroleum Formation Evaluation

Oil and Gas Well Testing

Health Safety and Environment in the Petroleum Industry

Enhanced Oil Recovery Techniques

Latest Trends in Petroleum Engineering

## GATE 2025 Engineering Sciences Syllabus

Candidates appearing for the GATE Engineering Sciences paper must prepare for the exam as per the syllabus provided. The GATE XE syllabus includes a common section, Engineering Mathematics for all the XE candidates. Candidates are required to select any two additional sections to appear for the exam. The syllabus is different for the different sections. Candidates can download the GATE 2025 XE syllabus pdf to know the section-wise topics.

## GATE Life Sciences Syllabus 2025

Candidates appearing in the GATE exam for Life Sciences programme must prepare for the exam as per the syllabus provided. The Chemistry section is a compulsory section for the GATE XL candidates. Applicants are required to select any two additional sections to appear for the exam. The GATE 2025 XL syllabus is different for the different sections. Candidates can download the GATE 2025 XL syllabus pdf to know the section-wise topics.

## GATE 2025 Humanities and Social Sciences Syllabus

IIT Roorkee has provided the GATE humanities and social sciences syllabus online. Candidates must check the GATE XH syllabus 2025 to prepare for the exam. The reasoning and comprehension section is common for all XH candidates. Apart from this, applicants are required to select two additional sections while appearing for the paper. Candidates must download the GATE XH syllabus pdf for a detailed topics-wise syllabus for all sections.