GATE 2022 Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering (IN) - Check Here

GATE 2022 Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering (IN) - Check Here

Exam: GATE

GATE 2022 Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering - The concerned authorities have released the GATE syllabus 2022 for Instrumentation Engineering. Candidates will access the syllabus of GATE 2022 for Instrumentation Engineering in online mode.

Latest Updates for GATE

  • 12 Nov 2021:

    GATE 2022 Admit Card To Be Released in January!

  • 29 Sep 2021:

    GATE registration 2022 extended till Septemer 30. Apply Now

  • 01 Aug 2021:

    GATE 2022 Notification released.

Stay up-to date with GATE News

Get Updates

The sections and topics which have to be studied by the candidates for the exam will be listed out in GATE 2022 syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering. All aspirants are advised to check the GATE syllabus before commencing the preparation process for Instrumentation Engineering. Using the syllabus, the candidates will be able to prepare for the GATE in a much better way. Read the full article to know more about GATE 2022 syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering.

GATE Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering

The GATE 2022 Syllabus for Instrumentation Engineering is now available online. Candidates can check the previous year's GATE IN syllabus from the table below.

GATE Syllabus 2022 for Instrumentation Engineering



Engineering Mathematics

  • Linear Algebra

  • Calculus

  • Differential Equations

  • Analysis of Complex Variables

  • Probability and Statistics

  • Numerical Methods

Electricity and Magnetism

Coulomb's Law, Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Gauss's Law, Divergence, Electric field and potential due to point, line, plane, and spherical charge distributions, Effect of the dielectric medium, Capacitance of simple configurations, Biot‐Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Curl, Faraday’s law, Lorentz force, Inductance,

Magnetomotive force, Reluctance, Magnetic circuits, Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations.

Electrical Circuits and Machines

Voltage and current sources: independent, dependent, ideal and practical; v-i relationships of resistor, inductor, mutual inductance and capacitor; transient analysis of RLC circuits with dc excitation.

Kirchoff’s laws, mesh and nodal analysis, superposition, Thevenin, Norton, maximum power transfer and reciprocity theorems. Peak-, average- and rms values of ac quantities; apparent-, active- and reactive powers; phasor analysis, impedance and admittance; series and parallel resonance, locus diagrams, realization of basic filters with R, L and C elements. transient analysis of RLC circuits with ac excitation.

One-port and two-port networks, driving point impedance and admittance, open-, and short circuit parameters. Single-phase transformer: equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, open circuit and short circuit tests, regulation and efficiency; Three-phase induction motors: principle of operation, types, performance, torque-speed characteristics, no-load and blocked rotor tests, equivalent circuit, starting and speed control; Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric machines

Signals and Systems

Periodic, aperiodic and impulse signals; Laplace, Fourier and z-transforms; transfer function, frequency response of first and second-order linear time-invariant systems, impulse response of systems; convolution, correlation. Discrete-time system: impulse response, frequency response, pulse transfer function; DFT and FFT; basics of IIR and FIR filters.

Control Systems

Feedback principles, signal flow graphs, transient response, steady-state-errors, Bode plot, phase and gain margins, Routh and Nyquist criteria, root loci, design of lead, lag and lead-lag compensators, state-space representation of systems; time-delay systems; mechanical, hydraulic and pneumatic system components, synchro pair, servo and stepper motors, servo valves; on-off, P, PI, PID, cascade, feedforward, and ratio controllers, tuning of PID controllers and sizing of control valves.

Analog Electronics

Characteristics and applications of diode, Zener diode, BJT and MOSFET; small-signal analysis of transistor circuits, feedback amplifiers. Characteristics of ideal and practical operational amplifiers; applications of opamps: adder, subtractor, integrator, differentiator, difference amplifier, instrumentation amplifier, precision rectifier, active filters, oscillators, signal generators, voltage-controlled oscillators and phase-locked loop, sources and effects of noise and interference in electronic circuits.

Digital Electronics

Combinational logic circuits, minimization of Boolean functions. IC families: TTL and CMOS. Arithmetic circuits, comparators, Schmitt trigger, multi-vibrators, sequential circuits, flipflops, shift registers, timers and counters; sample-and-hold circuit, multiplexer, analog-to-digital (successive approximation, integrating, flash and sigma-delta) and digital-to-analog converters (weighted R, R-2R ladder and current steering logic). Characteristics of ADC and DAC (resolution, quantization, significant bits, conversion/settling time); basics of number systems, Embedded Systems: Microprocessor and microcontroller applications, memory and input-output interfacing; basics of data acquisition systems, basics of distributed control systems (DCS) and programmable logic controllers (PLC).


SI units, standards (R,L,C, voltage, current and frequency), systematic and random errors in measurement, expression of uncertainty - accuracy and precision, propagation of errors, linear and weighted regression.

Bridges: Wheatstone, Kelvin, Megohm, Maxwell, Anderson, Schering and Wien for measurement of R, L, Cand frequency, Q-meter. Measurement of voltage, current and power in single and three phase circuits; ac and dc current probes; true rms meters, voltage and current scaling, instrument transformers, timer/counter, time, phaseand frequency measurements, digital voltmeter, digital multimeter; oscilloscope, shielding and grounding.

Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation

Resistive-, capacitive-, inductive-, piezoelectric-, Hall effect sensors and associated signal conditioning circuits; transducers for industrial instrumentation: displacement (linear and angular), velocity, acceleration, force, torque, vibration, shock, pressure (including low pressure), flow (variable head, variable area, electromagnetic, ultrasonic, turbine and open channel flow meters) temperature (thermocouple, bolometer, RTD (3/4 wire), thermistor, pyrometer and semiconductor); liquid level, pH, conductivity and viscosity measurement. 4-20 mA two-wire transmitter.

Communication and Optical Instrumentation

Amplitude- and frequency modulation and demodulation; Shannon's sampling theorem, pulse code modulation; frequency and time division multiplexing, amplitude-, phase-, frequency-, quadrature amplitude, pulse shift keying for digital modulation; optical sources and detectors: LED, laser, photo-diode, light-dependent resistor,square-law detectors, and their characteristics; interferometer: applications in metrology; basics of fiber optic sensing. UV-VIS Spectrophotometers, Mass spectrometer.

To check the syllabus of GATE 2022 Instrumentation Engineering - Click Here

GATE 2022 Instrumentation Engineering Exam Pattern





Mode of Exam

Computer-Based Examination


Types of Questions

Two types of questions will be asked:

  • Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ)

  • Numerical Answer Key (NAT) Questions


Number of Questions

65 Questions


Total Marks

100 Marks



There will be three sections in the paper of GATE 2022 Instrumentation Engineering

  • General Aptitude

  • Engineering Mathematics

  • Instrumentation Engineering section


General Aptitude Section

The General Aptitude section will be mandatory and will consist of 10 questions. 5 of the questions will be of 1 mark and the remaining will be of 2 marks. The total marks of the section will be 15 marks.


Marking Scheme

  • For 1 Mark MCQs - ⅓ mark will be deducted for every wrong answer.

  • For 2 Mark MCQs - ⅔ mark will be deducted for every wrong answer.

  • Unattempted questions will be given zero marks

  • There will be no negative marking

GATE 2022 Instrumentation Engineering - Reference Books

During preparation for GATE 2022, it is important that the candidates select the correct books to study. Candidates can check the list of referred books for Instrumentation Engineering. By referring to these books, the candidates can boost their preparation process.

Reference Books of GATE Instrumentation Engineering


Reference books




Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Kreyszig, Gate Engineering Mathematics by Made Easy


Network Theory

Engineering Circuit Analysis by Steven M. Durbin, Jack E. Kemmerly, William H. Hayt


Analog Electronics

Fundamentals of Microelectronics by Behzad Razavi

GATE - Electronics & Communication (Analog Circuits Volume 5 of 10) by R K Kanodia


Digital Electronics

Solved previous year questions from EC and IN streams


Signals and Systems

Signals And Systems (Schaum’s Outline Series) by HP HSU Signals & Systems by Alan V. Oppenheim


Communication Systems

Modern Digital and Analog Communication System by B P Lathi


Electrical and Electronic Measurements

A Course In Electrical And Electronic Measurements And Instrumentation by A K Sawhney


Control System

Automatic Control Systems by B C Kuo


Process Control

Process Control: Modeling, Design, And Simulation by B. Wayne Bequette



Introduction to Measurements and Instrumentation by Arun K Ghosh