CLAT Exam Pattern 2021 (Updated) - Mode, Types of Questions, Marking Scheme

CLAT Exam Pattern 2021 (Updated) - Mode, Types of Questions, Marking Scheme

Exam: CLAT

CLAT Exam Pattern 2021 - The Consortium of NLUs will conduct CLAT 2021 exam on July 23 in offline, pen-and-paper mode. The exam will be conducted following all COVID 19 safety protocols. Also, in a major development, the Descriptive section has been dropped from CLAT PG, and the LLM question paper will now have 120 MCQs. However, no changes have been made to CLAT UG 2021 question paper, which will continue to have 150 MCQs.

Latest Updates for CLAT

  • 27 minutes ago:

    Follow CLAT 2021 exam day LIVE UPDATES - Click HereCheck CLAT exam analysis - Click hereTo check category-wise NLU cutoffs - Click Here  

  • 1 day ago:

    CLAT exam has concluded. Use CLAT 2021 college predictor to check your chances of admission to an NLU and other colleges - Click Here

  • 15 hours ago:

    What is a good score in CLAT 2021 - Check here. Also check - CLAT Mark Vs Rank Analysis 2021

Stay up-to date with CLAT News

Get Updates

The exam pattern of CLAT 2021 is an important guide for candidates preparing for CLAT 2021. It provides all details related to the test modalities of CLAT 2021. Candidates may even check out the updated CLAT syllabus 2021 to stay on top of CLAT exam preparation.

The Consortium of NLUs had introduced comprehension-based questions for both CLAT UG and PG in 2020. Also last year, the exam was conducted in online mode given the pandemic.

CLAT 2021 Exam Pattern




2 hours


Offline mode

Type of Questions

Multiple Type Questions (MCQs)

  • Questions will be asked from given passages

Number of Questions

CLAT UG - 150 MCQs

CLAT PG - 120 questions (Essay section dropped)

Subjects (UG)

  1. English Language
  2. Current Affairs, including General Knowledge
  3. Legal Reasoning
  4. Logical Reasoning
  5. Quantitative Techniques

Total Marks

UG - 150 marks

PG - 120 marks

Marking scheme

Objective questions (both UG and PG) will each carry 1 mark. 0.25 marks to be deducted for an incorrect answer.



Popular Law Entrance Exam:

  • AIBE
  • LSAT India
  • PU LLB
  • BLAT

Analysis of CLAT Exam Pattern 2021

  1. Passage-based questions - Each section of the CLAT UG question paper (except for the Quantitative Techniques section) will include multiple passages of 300-400 words each. These passages will be followed by a set of multiple-choice questions. The objective section of CLAT PG will also comprise passage-based questions.
  2. Quantitative section is an outlier: This section will have "short sets of facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial, or diagrammatic representations of numerical information." Questions will be based on these passages, graphs, pictorial representations, etc.
  3. Descriptive section: In a big development, the essay or descriptive section is dropped from CLAT PG. So, the CLAT PG exam will now include only objective-type or multiple-choice questions.
  4. Standard of questions asked: CLAT UG will be of Class 12th standard.
  5. Skills to be tested - As per the Consortium of NLUs, the paper will test the reading ability of candidates along with critical thinking and analytical skills. In previous editions of the test, the CLAT papers were used to be designed to test the knowledge of various subjects and topics.
  6. Total number of questions in CLAT and marking scheme - In CLAT UG, there will be a total of 150 questions. However, the CLAT LLM will have 120 questions. In the objective section, each question will carry one mark and an incorrect answer will draw a negative marking of 0.25 marks.

Download CLAT UG sample paper - Click here

Get Vaccinated

The consortium has asked candidates to get vaccinated before appearing in the CLAT 2021 exam. So if you aren't already vaccinated, you also have to factor in a vaccination plan to go with your exam preparation plan. Fix a vaccination slot as early as you can and get it out of the way so that you can focus on your preparation.

CLAT Syllabus - Section-wise weightage, no. of questions, etc.

The CLAT UG syllabus has 5 subjects. Each subject will have a fixed number of questions and weightage. By referring to the CLAT syllabus, candidates will have a clear idea of what topics they have to prepare. The CLAT LLM syllabus is modelled in line with the syllabus of legal subjects. Most of the topics covered in CLAT LLM are taken from LLB subjects. These include topics like Law of Torts, Law of Contract, Constitutional law and others. Apart from legal subjects, current affairs with a special focus on legal issues are also included in the CLAT syllabus at PG level.

Browse Law Colleges by Locations:

  • Law Colleges in Delhi
  • Law Colleges in Kerala
  • Law Colleges in Assam
  • Law Colleges in Punjab
  • Law Collages in Rajasthan
  • Browse All Law Colleges in India

CLAT exam pattern 2021 (UG) - Subject wise questions and weightage


Number of questions

Percentage weightage

English Language

28-32 questions


Current Affairs, including General Knowledge

35-39 questions


Legal Reasoning

35-39 questions


Logical Reasoning

28-32 questions


Quantitative Techniques

13-17 questions


CLAT exam pattern 2021 (PG) (UPDATED on June 14, 2021)


Number of MCQ questions


Constitutional Law



Other Law Subjects including Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR and Jurisprudence.






PG-CLAT exam pattern - Subject wise questions and weightage (OLD)

ParticularNo of QuestionsMarks
Objective section100100
Subjective section02 (essays - each carrying 25 marks50

Will there be an essay section in CLAT LLM?

No, the descriptive section has been dropped in CLAT LLM.

In addition, the number of questions in the objective section has been increased from 100 to 120. So, now the CLAT LLM will be of 120 marks examination.

Related articles
How to prepare for CLAT 2021
Important topics for CLAT 2021
CLAT sample papers and ebook store

CLAT Exam Pattern 2021 - Minimum cutoff

The CLAT LLM will be subject to minimum cutoff. The minimum cut off for CLAT LLM is 40%. Candidates who are from SC, ST and PWD categories will have to score at least 35% marks. The evaluation of descriptive section will be done only if the candidate secures the minimum marks in the objective test.

Top Law University in India

  • Chandigarh University
  • KL University
  • UPES
  • LPU

CLAT 2021 Exam Pattern - Importance

For candidates appearing in CLAT 2021, it is extremely important to have a thorough understanding of the exam pattern of CLAT 2021. It provides all the important information related to the test modalities such as mode, duration, making scheme, number of questions and others. The CLAT exam pattern also provides information about the type of questions asked in the examination and skills that are tested. Candidates should be particularly mindful of the type of questions asked in CLAT. The exam pattern of CLAT 2020 also informs about the marking scheme and the weightage of each topic included in the test paper.

Also Read:To check cutoff of CLAT participating NLUs - Click hereAILET application form open; to apply - click hereCUSAT CAT LLB application form open; apply now