CLAT Important Topics 2021 - The syllabus of CLAT 2021 is vast, so a smart exam preparation strategy is to mark the important topics. CLAT 2021 aspirants should figure out the important topics at the start of their preparation so that more focus and time can be invested in covering those topics.
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The change in the exam pattern of CLAT means that more importance is given to conceptual understanding than rote learning. The comprehension-based questions make it difficult to identify the CLAT important topics, so Careers360 has on the basis of analysis of previous year CLAT paper and syllabus prepared a detailed guide highlighting the important topics for CLAT 2021. This article covers subject-wise CLAT important topics for both UG and PG students. This article also provides a clear-cut understanding of the Common Law Admission Test (CLAT 2021). Read the complete article to know more about CLAT important topics 2021 and other important details related to the exam.
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The Consortium of National Law Universities (NLUs) had last year introduced comprehension-based questions for all sections of CLAT UG. The comprehension passages are taken from various articles, newspapers, editorials. Candidates are advised to read the CLAT syllabus and check the previous year's paper of CLAT to develop an understanding of the exam. The important topics will be those making the theme of CLAT UG. The subject-wise important topics of CLAT UG are given below.
This section will have comprehension passages of 450 words each. Note that no prior learning of this section is required. CLAT English will only test the comprehension and language skills of the candidates. Candidates will be expected to quickly read and comprehend the main theme discussed in the passage and identify the arguments and perspectives.
To answer the questions from this section, candidates should have good reading ability along with knowledge of grammar and vocabulary.
Antonyms and Synonyms
Adverb & Proverbs
One word substitution
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This GK and current affairs section will be analysis-based. Candidates will be provided passages of up to 450 words each. The content of the passages will be taken from the news, journalistic sources, and other non-fiction writing.
Candidates will be required to demonstrate their knowledge and awareness of the topics discussed in the passage. The important topics that one should focus on CLAT preparation of this section include the following.
Contemporary events of significance from India and the world
Arts and culture
Historical events of continuing significance
Elementary mathematics too will include facts or propositions, graphs, or other textual, pictorial, or diagrammatic representations of numerical data. Each section will be followed by 4-5 numerical questions. Candidates will have to derive information from the data, passage, graph and apply the mathematical calculations to answer the questions. So, it is important to understand basic mathematical calculations, formulas, and operations. The important topics for this section are given below.
Time Speed and Distance
Work and Time
Ratios and proportions
The legal aptitude section of CLAT will be comprehension passage-based. Each passage will be about 450 words. Generally, the comprehension passage of legal aptitude will be taken from legal journals, newspapers, articles, editorials involving legal matters, public policy questions, or moral philosophical inquiries.
To answer the questions from the legal aptitude of CLAT, one should have the awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues. This awareness should be complemented with the general knowledge of the law. The important topics for this section are given below.
History of Indian constitution
Important acts and amendments
Important laws like IPC, CrPC, law of torts, etc
Prepositions and facts
Important events related to legal and constitutional developments
Rights and Duties
Judiciary - Supreme Court and High Court
Parliament - Executive, Legislature, President
Current events related to Indian polity.
This section will also have passages of about 300 words each. Each passage will have 2-4 questions to test the candidate’s logical and analytical skills. Candidates will be required to recognize the arguments, premises, and conclusions. The questions may also require the candidates to draw relationships and analogies, identify contradictions and equivalence, and assess the effectiveness of given arguments.
Logical sequences and matching
Calendars and clocks
CLAT LLM is a graduate-level test. Candidates are expected to demonstrate their legal knowledge and awareness of graduation level. CLAT LLM will also have comprehension-based questions to be asked from the compulsory subjects of graduation. The important topics of CLAT LLM include the following.
Judicial bodies - Supreme court, High Court, District courts
Quasi-Judicial bodies - Tribunals
Rights, Writs, and Duties
Elections to President, Vice-President, legislative assembly, etc.
Important acts like Panchayati Raj, Emergency powers, etc
Law of Contracts
Nature of contracts and formation
Void and illegal, unenforceable contracts
Discharge of contracts
Guarantee and insurance
Consequences of breach of contracts
Agency contract etc
Law of Torts
Liability, strict and absolute liability, different types of liability
Remedies, Negligence, Defamation
False imprisonment and malicious prosecution
General principles of criminal law
Punishments and exceptions
Offenses and defamation
Major international bodies like the UN, WTO, IMF, World Bank etc.
Humanitarian laws, UN charter
Law of the sea,
Terrorism in different forms
Intellectual Property Rights
WTO IPR rules
The patents Act, 1970 and other important rules
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While most parts of CLAT UG will not require prior reading, the candidates still need to develop a surface-level understanding to connect with the content of the comprehension passages. CLAT 2021 is more about practice than mugging up facts and going into rote learning. To develop conceptual understanding, candidates will need to refer to some standard books as given below.
Data Interpretation Book by K. Kundan
Legal Articles on various legal websites, CLAT mock tests
Gmat book and sample papers
Note - The CLAT book list given above is recommended by Ishan Thakur, CLAT 2020 - AIR-19.