Trigonometry Graphs

To sketch the trigonometry graphs of the functions – Sin, Cos and Tan we need to know the period, phase, amplitude, and maximum and minimum turning points. These graphs are used in many areas of engineering and science. Few of the examples are the growth of animals and plants, engines and waves.

Graphs of Trigonometric Functions:

Below are the graphs of the three trigonometry functions. Sin a, Cos a, and Tan a. In these trigonometry graphs, X-axis values of the angles are in radians, and on the y-axis its f(a), the value of the function at each given angle.

  • Sin Graph

  • b = sin a
  • The roots or zeros of b = sin a is at the multiples of Π .
  • The sin graph passes the x-axis as sin a = 0 there.
Max value of Graph Min value of the graph
1 at  π/2 -1  at 3 (π/2)

The height of the curve at each point A line value of Sine
Sin theta period Π / 2

2. Cos Graph

  • b = Cos a
  • b = cos a graph’s is the graph we get after shifting b= sin a  π/2 units to the left.
  • As sin (a +  π/2 ) = cos a
Max value of Graph Min value of the graph
1 at 0, 4π -1  at 2π

There are a few similarities between sine and cosine graphs as follows:

  1. Both have the same curve which is shifted along x-axis.
  2. Both have an amplitude of 1.
  3. Have a period of 360°

Tan Graph

  • b = tan a
  • The tangent graph has an undefined amplitude as the curve tends to infinity.
  • It also has a period of 180°

Graphing Trig Functions Practice

Let’s practice what we learned in the above paragraphs with few of trigonometry functions graphing practice.

1) Sketch the graph of y = 5 sin 2x°  + 4

  • amplitude = 5, so the distance between the max and min value is 8.
  • number of waves = 2(Each wave has a period of 360° ÷ 2 = 180°)
  • moved up by 4 (since c > 0)
  • max turning point when (5 × 1)+ 4= 7 and min turning point when (5 × -1) + 4 = -1
  • The graph looks like:

The six trigonometric functions are

  1. Sine
  2. Cosine
  3. Tangent
  4. Cosecant
  5. Secant
  6. Cotangent.

Graphs of Trigonometric Functions

Trigonometric graphs for these Trigonometry functions can be drawn if you know the following:

Amplitude –

  • It is the absolute value of any number multiplied with it on the trigonometric function.
  • The height from the center line to the peak (or trough) is called amplitude.
  • You can also measure the height from highest to lowest points and then dividing it by 2.
  • It basically tells how tall or short the curve is.
  • Also, notice the minus on it depending on the function is in usual orientation or upside down.


The Period goes from any point (one peak ) to the next matching point.


How far the function is shifted from the usual position horizontally is called Phase shift.

  • Max and min turning points.

The above terms are also important to use the graph of trigonometry formulas.