Types of Fractions

Fractions are one of the most common terms used in Maths, to determine the parts of a whole object. Apart from these, we can also perform operations such as addition and subtraction of fractions, etc.

Fraction Definition

A fraction can be considered to be the ratio of two numbers. The upper number is called Numerator, and the lower part is known as the Denominator. When a whole of something is divided into the number of parts, then each part is referred to as a fraction. A typical example of how the concept of fraction works is illustrated in the below figure.

Consider another example, a WHOLE pizza is divided into EIGHT PIECES that form the fraction, where one piece of the whole pizza is represented as 1/8, where 1 is the numerator and 8 is the denominator.

Fraction Types

There are three different types of Fractions. They are:

  • Proper Fraction
  • Improper Fraction
  • Mixed Fraction

Proper Fraction

A fraction where the numerator is less than the denominator, then it is known as a proper fraction

i.e., Numerator < Denominator

Improper Fraction

A fraction where the numerator is greater than the denominator, then it is known as an improper fraction

i.e., Numerator > Denominator

Mixed Fraction

A mixed fraction is the combination of a whole number and fraction. It is basically an improper fraction