Different courses in medical field after Class 12 - Radiology, Optometry, Biomedical Sciences & Medical Labora

Different courses in medical field after Class 12 - Radiology, Optometry, Biomedical Sciences & Medical Labora

Different courses in medical field after Class 12 - Apart from popular medical courses such as Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) and Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS), there are different courses in the medical field after class 12 which offer a lucrative career to students. A career in the medical field is not just limited to medicine.

Different courses in the medical field after class 12 include physiotherapy, radiology, optometry, biomedical sciences, and medical laboratory technology to name a few. As aforementioned, medical course after class 12 is known as ‘allied medical courses.’ To pursue such different courses in the medical field after class 12, candidates should have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in classes 11 and 12. To help candidates pick the right career for them, the article below discusses the different courses in the medical field after class 12.

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To study top medical courses in India such as MBBS, BDS, BAMS, BHMS, and B.V.S.c, candidates need to crack the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). However, for allied medical courses students are not required to qualify the NEET-UG exam. Most of the institutes offering allied medical courses after class 12 conduct their own admission process. Some of the best medical institutes of the country such as JIPMER, AIIMS, CMC Vellore, and NIMHANS offer various courses in medical field after class 12.

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Different courses in medical field after Class 12

Name of the profession

Degree and Duration




B.Sc in Optometry

4 years

10+2 with PCB

AIIMS, Amity University, Elite School of Optometry, University of Hyderabad, Lotus College of Optometry, Gujarat University, Bausch & Lomb School of Optometry, Hyderabad, Bharati Vidyapeeth, Pune, Manipal University, Manipal, Nagar School of Optometry, Gujarat

Medical Laboratory Technology

B.Sc in MLT, BMLT, DMLT, BVSc, BSc (Plant Science)

4 years

10+2 with science background

CMC Vellore, College of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal, Indira Gandhi Krishi Vishwavidyalaya, Anjora, GB Pant University of Agriculture Science & Technology, Pantanagar, NIMHANS, Bangalore, Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Delhi

Dialysis Therapy Technology


4 years

10+2 with science or equivalent examination with science subject

JIPMER Puducherry, Jawaharlal Nehru University Delhi, MGMIHS Mumbai, Manipal University, AJ Institute of Medical Sciences and Research Centre Mangalore, JSS University Mysore, Jamia Hamdard University Delhi

Health Information Management

B.Sc Health Information Management

3 year + 1 year clinical training/ internship

10+2 or equivalent examination with PCB/PCMB from a recognized university or board

Manipal University, Symbiosis University, Jamia Hamdard University Delhi, Chitkara University

Audiology & Speech Language Pathology

B.Sc Audiology, Bachelor of Audiology & Speech-Language Pathology (BASLP)

4 years

10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Mathematics/Computer Science/Statistics/Electronics/Psychology

Manipal University, University of Mumbai, AIIMS, Ali Yavar Jung Institute for the Hearing Handicapped, Tamil Nadu Medical College; University of Mysore

Medical Radiology and Imaging Technology

B.Sc Medical Imaging Technology, BSc Radiography, B.Sc MRIT

4 years

10+2 with Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics/Biology and English

AIIMS, New Delhi, CMC, Vellore, PGI Chandigarh, Apollo Institute of Hospital Management & Allied Health Sciences; Manipal University

Operation Theatre Technology


10+2 in Physics, Chemistry, Biology/Mathematics

Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Jamia Hamdard University



4 years

10+2 from science background

Institute for Physically Handicapped, New Delhi, PGIMER, Chandigarh, Government Medical College, Nagpur, KEM Hospital, Mumbai, NIRTAR, Orissa

Radiotherapy Technology


4 years

10+2 with core science subjects

PGIMER, Shri Krishna Hospital & Research Centre, Pt. B.D. Sharma P G Institute of Medical Sciences, Sher-i-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences(SKIMS), Kasturba Medical College , Manipal, Bangalore Institute of Oncology

Nutrition & Dietetics

B.Sc Nutrition & Dietetics, BSc Home Science

3 years

10+2 with science background

Sharda University, SNDT Women’s University, Mumbai, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, J.D. Birla Institute of Home Science, All India Institute of Hygiene and Public Health

In addition to the above discussed courses, there are several other courses in the medical field which students can study after completing class 12 from a science background. The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has released a list of professions under the allied and healthcare sector. There are 50 + such professions which students can pursue in the medical field. Check the complete list of professions in allied medical courses below.

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  1. Advance Care Paramedic

  2. Anaesthesia Assistants and Technologist

  3. Anatomy (Non-clinical)

  4. Assistant Behaviour Analyst

  5. Behaviour Analyst

  6. Biochemistry

  7. Biomedical Engineer

  8. Biotechnologist

  9. Burn Care Technologist

  10. Cardiovascular Technologist

  11. Cell Geneticist

  12. Clinical Coder

  13. Clinical Social Worker (other than Counsellors)

  14. Critical Care or Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Technologist

  15. Cytogenetics

  16. Cytotechnologist

  17. Diagnostic Medical Radiographer

  18. Diagnostic Medical Sonographer

  19. Dialysis Therapy Technologist

  20. Dietitian including Clinical Dietician, Food Service Dietician

  21. Ecologist

  22. Electrocardiogram (ECG) Technologist or Echocardiogram (ECHO) Technologist

  23. Electroencephalogram (EEG) or Electroneurodiagnostic (END) or Electromyography (EMG) Technologist or Neuro Lab Technologist

  24. Emergency Medical Technologist (Paramedic) or Emergency Medical Technician - Basic

  25. Endoscopy and Laparoscopy Technologist

  26. Environment Protection Officer

  27. Forensic Science Technologist

  28. Health Educator including Disease Counsellors, Diabetes Educators, Lactation Consultants

  29. Health Information Management Assistant, Medical Secretary, Transcription (Including Medical Record Technician or Medical Records Analyst)

  30. Health Information Management Technologist

  31. Hemato-technologist

  32. Histo-technologist

  33. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Counsellors or Family Planning Counsellors

  34. Integrated Behavioural Health Counsellors

  35. Medical Equipment Technologist

  36. Medical Laboratory Technologist

  37. Mental Health Support Workers

  38. Microbiologist (non-clinical)

  39. Molecular Biologist (non-clinical)

  40. Molecular Geneticist

  41. Movement Therapist including Art, Dance and Movement Therapist or Recreational Therapist

  42. Nuclear Medicine Technologist

  43. Nutritionist including Public Health Nutritionist, Sports Nutritionist

  44. Occupational Health and Safety Officer

  45. Occupational Therapist

  46. Operation Theatre (OT) Technologist

  47. Ophthalmic Assistant

  48. Optometrist

  49. Perfusionist

  50. Physician Associate and Assistant

  51. Physiology (Non-clinical)

  52. Physiotherapist including Geriatric Physical Therapist, Orthopaedic Physical Therapist, Pediatric Physical Therapist

  53. Podiatrist

  54. Psychology (Non-Clinical)

  55. Radiology and Imaging Technologist or Assistants (Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT), Mammographer)

  56. Radiotherapy Technologist

  57. Respiratory Technologist

  58. Sleep Lab Technologist

Also read:

  • List of medical colleges in India
  • Paramedical courses after 10th and 12th
  • Paramedical vs MBBS