MBBS Admission in India - Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) is one of the most preferred and prestigious courses in India. By completing an MBBS degree, candidates become qualified doctors. Pursuing MBBS is a challenging task, as students are tested at every stage of becoming a doctor. Candidates dreaming to become a doctor should know the detailed MBBS admission process in India.
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Every year millions of students dream of studying medicine. However, only a few manage to secure MBBS admission in India. Getting an MBBS seat is a highly competitive affair. As many as 15 lakh aspirants compete for just 83,075 MBBS seats recognized by the National Medical Commission (NMC) every year. The very first challenge candidates face getting MBBS admission is qualifying for the NEET.
The National Testing Agency (NTA) conducts the NEET exam once a year. NEET-UG is the single national level entrance test conducted for MBBS admission in India, as recognized by the Supreme Court of India. Admission to 1,899 MBBS seats in AIIMS institutions and 249 seats in JIPMER is also granted through the NEET exam. A total of 542 medical colleges, 15 AIIMS, and 2 JIPMER institutions grant MBBS admission based on NEET results. Comparing the MBBS seats and the number of aspirants who appear in the exam, the competition for MBBS admission in India is increasing exponentially.
The screening process of NTA for MBBS admission is very strict and based entirely on merit in the NEET exam. After announcing the NEET result, the Medical Counselling Committee (MCC) conducts the further MBBS admission process. MCC is the counseling conducting body set up by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, GOI. MCC grants MBBS admission to 15% All India Quota, deemed/central universities/Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), and Employee State Insurance Corporation (ESIC) institutes. MBBS admission to the remaining 85% state quota seats is granted by the counselling authorities of the respective state.
Name of the course
Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery
Popularly known as
Level of course
Type of course
Duration of course
5.5 years including internship
1 year internship
Passed class 12 with at least 50% marks from a recognised board
Number of colleges
Number of seats
National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET)
The National Medical Commission (NMC) sets the eligibility criteria for MBBS admission in India. Only candidates fulfilling the eligibility requirements are considered for MBBS admission. Candidates found ineligible at any stage of MBBS admission will have their candidature cancelled. Check the MBBS admission eligibility criteria below.
Academic qualifications: To secure MBBS admission in India, candidates must have passed class 12 from a recognised board.
Subjects studied: To pursue an MBBS course, students should have studied Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in their class 11 and 12.
Minimum marks required: For MBBS admission in India candidates must score at least 50% marks in the qualifying examination. For SC, ST, and OBC category candidates, the minimum marks required for MBBS admission are 40%.
Age: Aspirants should have attained the minimum age of 17 years for getting admission to MBBS in India. The upper age limit for MBBS admission is 25 years.
Admission to MBBS course is granted on the basis of candidates’ performance in national level entrance exam. Check MBBS admission process in India below.
As aforementioned, for MBBS admission there is only one all India medical entrance exam - NEET. NTA conducts the medical entrance test based on NEET-UG syllabus which includes topics from class 11 and 12 CBSE curriculum. As per the NEET exam pattern, MBBS admission aspirants need to answer 180 multiple choice questions out of 200 questions in 3 hours.
The NEET 2021 question paper is divided into three sections - Physics, Chemistry, and Biology (Botany + Zoology). The NEET biology section carries the highest weightage with 90 questions and 360 marks. The remaining two sections of the NEET paper have equal weightage, that is 45 questions and 180 marks each.
To secure MBBS admission in India candidates need to qualify for the NTA NEET cutoff. For general category candidates, the cutoff of NEET for MBBS admission is the 50th percentile. While for reserved category candidates, the NEET cut off is 40th percentile. Only candidates who secure the NEET cutoff marks and percentile are eligible for further counselling for MBBS admission. All AIIMS, JIPMER, and medical colleges grant admission to MBBS on the basis of NEET result and cutoff.
Once candidates have qualified the NEET exam, they will be eligible to participate in the central and state level counselling process conducted for MBBS admission. NTA will prepare the list of NEET-UG qualified candidates. Shortlisted students will be eligible for NEET counselling. To participate in the counselling and seat allotment process, students will have to register at the Medical Counselling Committee (MCC) portal.
MCC will conduct the NEET counselling for 15% All India Quota, deemed/central universities/AFMS, and ESIC institutes. During counselling for MBBS admission, students will have to register using their personal and NEET related details, pay the counselling fee, and fill their preferences of the course and the colleges they wish to study into. Based on the choices filled by candidates, NEET All India Rank, reservation, and seat matrix, MCC will conduct the NEET UG seat allotment. Candidates who will be offered seats during seat allotment of MBBS admission will have to report to the allotted institute.
Admission to MBBS to the remaining 85% state quota seats in government colleges and all seats in private institutes will be conducted by respective state authorities. The counselling for MBBS admission can be conducted in offline or online mode. During state counselling of MBBS admission, candidates will have to register, fill choices of course and colleges, and undergo document verification. In addition to state quota seats, MBBS admission to 100% seats in private colleges in the respective state will be conducted by state authorities. Check the state-wise MBBS admission process below.
NEET 2021 admissions
Andhra Pradesh MBBS Admission 2021
Assam MBBS Admission 2021
Bihar MBBS Admission 2021
Chhattisgarh MBBS Admission 2021
DU MBBS Admission 2021
Goa MBBS Admission 2021
Haryana MBBS Admission 2021
J & K MBBS Admission 2021
Jharkhand MBBS Admission 2021
Karnataka MBBS Admission 2021
Kerala MBBS Admission 2021
Madhya Pradesh MBBS Admission 2021
Maharashtra MBBS Admission 2021
Odisha MBBS Admission 2021
Punjab MBBS Admission 2021
Rajasthan MBBS Admission 2021
Telangana MBBS Admission 2021
Tripura MBBS Admission 2021
Tamil Nadu MBBS Admission 2021
Uttar Pradesh MBBS Admission 2021
Uttarakhand MBBS Admission 2021
West Bengal MBBS Admission 2021
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