MBBS Syllabus (Semester-Wise): Medicine Subjects, Topics and FAQs

MBBS Syllabus (Semester-Wise): Medicine Subjects, Topics and FAQs

MBBS Syllabus - Aspirants who want to pursue MBBS should be aware of the syllabus as early as possible. Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery popularly known as MBBS is a professional degree to practice in the field of medicine. Aspirants who want to become a doctor have to study the MBBS syllabus during their Bachelor's degree. The detailed MBBS syllabus pdf can be downloaded below.

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Being aware of the syllabus of MBBS before the commencement of classes will surely boost up aspirants' performance in their academics. The MBBS syllabus is also useful for medical graduates who want to pursue postgraduation medical courses such as Doctor of Medicine (MD), Master of Surgery (MS), Master of Chirurgiae (M.Ch), etc. MBBS syllabus is broadly divided under three subject heads, namely, Pre-Clinical, Para-Clinical, and Clinical. The MBBS syllabus included in these subjects includes microbiology, biochemistry, anatomy, pharmacology, physiology, and pathology.

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With the knowledge of subjects in the MBBS syllabus, medical aspirants can get first-hand experience of how things work in the field concerned. Medical aspirants can enroll themselves in the MBBS course by qualifying for the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test (NEET). Interested candidates must read the article on the MBBS syllabus by Careers360 to know more details on the same.DOWNLOAD: For AIIMS MBBS syllabus PDF - Click here

About MBBS Syllabus

The National Medical Commission (NMC) earlier known as the Medical Council of India (MCI) is the authority responsible for prescribing the MBBS syllabus. Under the MBBS course, which is for five and a half years, candidates will have to complete a one-year mandatory rotational internship. The entire MBBS syllabus has been divided into a total of nine semesters. These nine semesters will be for a period of 6 months each. There will be approximately 120 teaching days in each semester.

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MBBS Syllabus - Medicine Subjects Phase wise details

The Medical aspirants can refer to the table below, for a better understanding of how the MBBS course duration is divided into phases.

Phases of MBBS Syllabus




Phase I

2 semesters

Pre-Clinical Subjects

Phase II

3 semesters

Para-clinical and Clinical subjects

Phase III

4 semesters

Continuation of the study of clinical subjects for 7 semesters after passing semester I

How to get admission to the MBBS course?

In order to get admission to the MBBS course, candidates must qualify for the NEET UG exam. Earlier, there were other options like AIIMS MBBS and JIPMER MBBS, but from 2020, these have also been brought under the ambit of NEET. This makes the NEET, a single national medical entrance examination at the undergraduate level. For admission to undergraduate medical courses, the aspirants need to appear for the medical entrance test and qualify by securing the NEET cutoff.

Division of MBBS Syllabus

It is already aforementioned that the syllabus of MBBS has been divided into three phases. In the table below we have compiled the subjects that are to be taught under these phases, for the reference of candidates.

Subjects covered in the MBBS syllabus



Subjects covered


1-2: two semesters

Anatomy, Biochemistry, Physiology


3-5: three semesters

Community Medicine; Forensic Medicine, Pathology, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Clinical postings inwards, OPDs to begin here;


6-9: four semesters

Community Medicine, Medicine and allied subjects (Psychiatry, Dermatology), Obstetrics and Gynaecology; Paediatrics

Surgery and allied subjects (Anesthesiology, ENT, Ophthalmology, Orthopedics);

Clinical postings

MBBS Syllabus - Division of subjects covered

Candidates can refer to the table below to understand the division of subjects in these three phases.

Division of subjects






Gross anatomy, Microanatomy, Embryology and Genetics, Neuroanatomy


Biological cell, Biomolecules, Enzymes, Metabolic pathways, their regulation and metabolic interrelationships, Food assimilation and nutrition, Hormones, Molecular Biology, Molecular Biology, Immunology, Environmental biochemistry, cancer and cancer makers


General Physiology, Nerve–Muscle, Blood, Respiratory System, Cardiovascular System, Gastrointestinal System, Nutrition, Environmental Physiology, Reproduction, Kidney, Neurophysiology, Yoga


Forensic Medicine & Toxicology

Forensic Medicine, Toxicology


Microbiology, Bacteriology, Bacterial Staining and Cultivation, Common Tests for Bacterial identification, parasitology, Virology, Laboratory Diagnosis of Viral Infection, Mycology, Common Laboratory Methods for Diagnosis of Fungal Infections, Collection of Transport of Samples, Host-Parasite relationship, Bacterial and Viral Genetics, Immunity to infection, Immunodiagnosis, Vaccines, Sterilisation and disinfection, Bacteriology of water and air, Microorganisms associated with gastrointestinal infections, Gastrointestinal infections caused by parasites


General Pathology, Systemic Pathology, Practical


General Pharmacology, Autonomic nervous system & Peripheral nervous system, Central nervous system, Autacoids, Cardiovascular system, Gastrointestinal and respiratory system, Hormones, Chemotherapy, Miscellaneous



Preoperative evaluation & optimization, Skills I/V, Cannulation, Oropharyngeal/Nasopharyngeal Airway insertion, Bag Mask Ventilation, Attaching pulse oximeter, BP cuff and ECG electrodes and setting up a monitor

Community Medicine

Behavioral Sciences, Health Education, Environment, Biostatistics, Epidemiology, Nutrition, Maternal & Child Health, Rehabilitation, Epidemiology of Communicable Diseases And Non-communicable Diseases, Important National Health Programmes, Occupational Health, Health Administration, Health Economics, Geriatrics, Counselling

Dermatology and Venereology

Ineffective dermatoses, Infective dermatoses, Infestations, Melanin synthesis, Allergic disorders, Drug eruptions, urticaria, erythema multi-forme, Vesiculo-bullous diseases, Epidermopoisis, Psoriasis, Pathogenesis, Syphilis, Gonococcal and Non-gonococcal infections, HIV infection, Dermatological Emergencies


Clinical Pharmacology, Nutritional and metabolic disorders, Water, electrolyte and acid-base imbalance, Critical care Medicine, Pain management and palliative care, Medical Psychiatry, Poisonings, Specific environmental and occupational hazards, Immune response and Infections, Cardiovascular system

Obstetrics & Gynaecology

Basic Sciences, Obstetrics, Gynaecology, Contraception, Neonatology and Recent Advances


Microbiology in relation to eye, Pathology in relation to eye, Pharmacology in relation to eye, Disorders of the Lid, Disorders of the Lacrimal Apparatus, Conjunctivitis & Ophthalmia Neonatorum, Trachoma & Other chronic conjunctivitis, Keratitis and corneal ulcers, Corneal ulcer, Scleritis & Episcleritis


Pediatric orthopaedics, Orthopaedic oncology, Management of Trauma, Sports Medicine, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Orthopedic Neurology, Disorders of Spine, Radiology, Fracture


Oral cavity and oropharynx, Ear, Instruments, Operative Procedures, X-ray


Vital statistics, Growth and development, Nutrition, Immunization, Infectious diseases, Hematology, Respiratory system, Gastro Intestinal Tract, Central Nervous System, Cardiovascular system, Genito-Urinary system, Neonatology, Pediatrics Emergencies, Fluid-Electrolyte, Genetics, Behavioral Problems, Pediatrics Surgical Problems, Therapeutics


Behavioural Sciences, Emotion and its application to health, Cognitive process and memory, psychiatric disorders, personality disorders, Schizophrenia, Bipolar disorders, Depression, Anxiety neurosis, phobia and OCD


Skin, Head and Neck region, Arteries, Veins, Breast, Oesophagus, Stomach and duodenum, Small intestine, Colon and rectum, Appendix, Acute abdomen, Urology

MBBS Syllabus - 12 months rotatory internship

In order to successfully complete the MBBS course, it is extremely essential that candidates complete their one-year rotatory internship. When candidates are under the internship period, they will be provided with hands-on experience of how things work in their field. They will also be taught how to maintain interpersonal relations with their patients. During this internship session, emphasis will be laid on hands-on experience. Also, the department that is concerned will be maintaining a daily logbook for each candidate. The postings will keep on changing at intervals, the scheme of which is mentioned in the table below.

Internship postings




1.5 months


1.5 months


3 months


1 month

Obstetrics and Gynaecology

1 month


1 month


15 days


15 days


2 months


12 months

MBBS Scope

After the completion of the aforementioned syllabus of MBBS during Bachelor degree, deserving aspirants can get opportunities for earning in some of the following areas, in which they can get a better scope.

  • Hospitals
  • Laboratories
  • Biomedical companies
  • Nursing homes
  • Medical colleges
  • Health centres
  • Pharmaceutical and Biotechnology companies

MBBS Career Opportunities

Candidates after completing their MBBS wish to get jobs in reputed companies across the nation and globe. There are a lot of job opportunities for deserving aspirants in the private and public sectors. Everyone has the opportunity to grab the below-mentioned jobs.

  • Doctors
  • Junior Doctors
  • Physicians
  • Junior Surgeons
  • Medical Professors or Lecturers
  • Researcher
  • Scientists

MBBS Specialisations

Some major MBBS specialization areas are:

  • General Medicine
  • General Surgery
  • Pediatrics
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Dermatology
  • Ophthalmology
  • Orthopaedics
  • ENT
  • Psychiatry
  • Anesthesiology
  • Plastic Surgery
  • Neuro Surgery
  • Cardio-Thoracic surgery
  • Continuos Urinary surgery
  • Pediatric Surgery
  • Gastroenterology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Hematology
  • Nephrology
  • Cardiology
  • Immunology
  • Craniologist
  • Pathologist

Also read:

  • MBBS Course fees
  • MBBS vs MD
  • Medical Courses after 12th