Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2022-23 - Check Revised Science, Commerce, Arts Syllabus Here

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2022-23 PDF Download - MSBSHSE has released the latest syllabus of Class 12 Maharashtra Board for Science, Commerce & Arts. The HSC syllabus 2022-23 Maharashtra board pdf is available on Maharashtra 12th Board syllabus 2022-23 helps students to make a better strategy for the Maharashtra HSC 2022 exams.

Students should complete the syllabus of Class 12 Maharashtra Board 2022-23 a month before the board exams. It is advised to cover the complete syllabus of Class 12 Maharashtra Board to get good marks. Hence, start preparing with HSC syllabus 2022-23 pdf as early as possible to score good grades in the exams. Read the entire article to get the subject-wise reduced syllabus of Class 12 Maharashtra Board, exam pattern and other details.
Click here to check the complete Maharashtra HSC syllabus 2022-23.

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2022-23 - Subject wise download link

Students can download the subject-wise complete HSC syllabus 2022-23 pdf from the table below.

HSC syllabus 2022-23 PDF Download

Subject Name

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Mathematics and Statistics

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Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2022-23 for Physics

Physics is one of the major subjects of the Science stream. Students should cover all the topics and sub-topics of Maharashtra 12th board Physics syllabus 2022-23 to get good marks. It also helps in other competitive exams to score well.

The table below mentions the Maharashtra class 12 syllabus of Physics. Students must go through the table carefully to have an idea of the HSC syllabus 2022-23 pdf concerning the subject.

Maharashtra Board HSC Physics Syllabus 2022-23



Circular motion

Angular displacement, Angular velocity and angular acceleration, Relation between linear velocity and angular velocity, Uniform circular motion, Radial acceleration, Centripetal and centrifugal forces, Banking of roads, Vertical circular motion due to earth’s gravitation, Equation for velocity and energy at different positions of vertical circular motion. Kinematical equations for circular motion in analogy with linear motion.


Newton’s law of gravitation, Projection of satellite, Periodic time, Statement of Kepler’s laws of motion, Binding energy and escape velocity of a satellite, Weightlessness condition in orbit, Variation of ‘g’ due to altitude, lattitude, depth and motion, Communication satellite and its uses.

Rotational motion

Definition of M.I., K.E. of rotating body, Rolling motion, Physical significance of M.I., Radius of gyration, Torque, Principle of parallel and perpendicular axes, M.I. of some regular shaped bodies about specific axes, Angular momentum and its conservation.


Explanation of periodic motion, S.H.M., Differential equation of linear S.H.M. Projection of U.C.M. on any diameter, Phase of S.H.M., K.E. and P.E. in S.H.M., Composition of two S.H.M.’s having same period and along same line, Simple pendulum, Damped S.H.M.


General explanation of elastic property, Plasticity, Deformation, Definition of stress and strain, Hooke’s law, Poisson’s ratio, Elastic energy, Elastic constants and their relation, Determination of ‘Y’, Behaviour of metal wire under increasing load, Applications of elastic behaviour of materials.

Surface tension

Surface tension on the basis of molecular theory, Surface energy, Surface tension, Angle of contact, Capillarity and capillary action, Effect of impurity and temperature on surface tension.

Wave motion

Simple harmonic progressive waves, Reflection of transverse and longitudinal waves, Change of phase, Superposition of waves, Formation of beats, Doppler effect in sound.

Stationary waves

Study of vibrations in a finite medium, Formation of stationary waves on string, Study of vibrations of air columns, Free and Forced vibrations, Resonance.

Kinetic theory of gases and Radiation

Concept of an ideal gas, Assumptions of kinetic theory, Mean free path, Derivation for pressure of a gas, Degrees of freedom, Derivation of Boyle’s law, Thermodynamics- Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature, 1st law of thermodynamics, 2nd law of thermodynamics, Heat engines and refrigerators, Qualitative idea of black body radiation,Wein’s displacement law, Green house effect, Stefan’s law, Maxwell distribution, Law of equipartition of energy and application to Specific heat capacities of gases.

Wave theory of light

Wave theory of light, Huygens’ Principle, Construction of plane and spherical wave front, Wave front and wave normal, Reflection at plane surface, Refraction at plane surface, Polarisation, Polaroids, Plane polarised light, Brewster’s law, Doppler effect in light.

Interference and diffraction

Interference of light, Conditions for producing steady interference pattern, Young’s experiment, Analytical treatment of interference bands, Measurement of wavelength by biprism experiment, Diffraction due to single slit, Rayleigh’s criterion, Resolving power of a microscope and telescope, Difference between interference and diffraction.


Gauss’ theorem proof and applications, Mechanical force on unit area of a charged conductor, Energy density of a medium, Dielectrics and electric polarisation, Concept of condenser, Capacity of parallel plate condenser, Effect of dielectric on capacity, Energy of charged condenser, Condensers in series and parallel, van-deGraaff generator.

Current electricity

Kirchhoff’s law, Wheatstone’s bridge, Meter bridge, Potentiometer.

Magnetic effects of electric current

Ampere’s law and its applications, Moving coil galvanometer, Ammeter, Voltmeter, Sensitivity of moving coil galvanometer, Cyclotron.


Circular current loop as a magnetic dipole, Magnetic dipole moment of revolving electron, Magnetisation and magnetic intensity, Diamagnetism, Paramagnetism, Ferromagnetism on the basis of domain theory, Curie temperature.

Electromagnetic inductions

Laws of electromagnetic induction, proof of, e = – dØ/dt Eddy currents, Self induction and mutual induction, Need for displacement current, Transformer, Coil rotating in uniform magnetic induction, Alternating currents, Reactance and impedance, LC oscillations (qualitative treatment only) Power in a.c circuit with resistance, inductance and capacitance, Resonant circuit, Wattless current, AC generator.

Electrons and photons

Photoelectric effect, Hertz and Lenard’s observations, Einstein’s equation, Particle nature of light.

Atoms, Molecules and Nuclei

Alpha particle scattering experiment, Rutherford’s model of atom. Bohr’s model, Hydrogen spectrum, Composition and size of nucleus, Radioactivity, Decay law, massenergy relation, mass defect, B.E. per nucleon and its variation with mass number, Nuclear fission and fusion, de Broglie hypothesis, Matter waves – wave nature of particles, Wavelength of an electron, Davisson and Germer experiment, Continuous and characteristics X-rays.


Energy bands in solids, Intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, P-type and Ntype semiconductor, P-N junction diode, I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias, Rectifiers, Zener diode as a voltage regulator, Photodiode, Solar cell, I-V characteristics of LED, Transistor action and its characteristics, Transistor as an amplifier (CE mode), Transistor as a switch, Oscillators and Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, NOR).

Communication systems

Elements of communication system, bandwidth of signals, bandwidth of transmission medium, Need for modulation, Production and detection of an amplitude modulated wave, space communication, Propagation of electromagnetic waves in atmosphere.

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Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2022-23 for Maths

Maths is an elective subject for Science, Commerce & Art streams. Maharashtra 12th board syllabus 2022-23 for Mathematics is slightly different for Science & Arts and Commerce students. Refer to the given table for Maharashtra Board HSC Syllabus-

Maharashtra HSC Mathematics Syllabus 2022-23

Mathematical Logic

Applications of definite integral

Pair of straight lines

Applications of derivative


Differential equation


Applications of definite integral

Trigonometric functions





Probability distribution

Linear programming problems

Bernoulli trials and Binomial distribution

Three-dimensional geometry





Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2022-23 for Chemistry

Another important subject of the Science stream is Chemistry. Maths is also one of the vital subjects for some engineering entrance competitive exams. The subject needs regular practice and hard work. Refer to the given table for syllabus of Class 12 Maharashtra board 2022.

Maharashtra Board HSC Chemistry Syllabus 2022-23



Solid State

Classification of solids, unit cell in 2 & 3-dimensional lattices, calculation of density, voids, point defects, electrical and magnetic properties, Band theory of metals, conductors, semiconductors, insulators and n-p type semiconductors.

Solutions and colligative


Types of solutions, concentration of solids in liquids, Raoult’s law elevation of boiling point, solubility of gases in liquids, solid solutions, colligative properties, depression of freezing point, osmotic pressure, determination of molecular masses using colligative properties, Van’t Hoff factor, etc

Chemical thermodynamics and energetic

Work, heat, energy, First law of thermodynamics, Hess’ law of constant heat summation, extensive and intensive properties, enthalpy of bond dissociation, Second and third law of thermodynamics, etc


Kohlrausch’s Law, lead accumulator, dry cell –electrolytic and galvanic cells, EMF, fuel cells, Nernst equation

Chemical kinetics

Activation energy, rate law and specific rate constant, Arrhenius equation, concept of collision theory, etc

General principles and processes of isolation of elements

Principles and methods of extraction, reduction electrolytic method and refining

p-Block elements

Group 15 elements, Group 16 elements, Classification of oxides, Group 17 elements, Group 18 elements, etc.

d and f Block Elements

Lanthanoids, Actinoids, first row transition metals, interstitial compounds, alloy formation

Coordination compounds

IUPAC nomenclature, Werner’s theory, coordination number, magnetic properties, VBT, CFT. isomerism,

Halogen derivatives of alkanes

Haloalkanes, Haloarenes, stability of carbocations, d-l and R-S configurations.

Alcohols, phenols and ethers

Nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, methods of preparation, etc

Aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids

Nomenclature, physical and chemical properties, methods of preparation, etc

Organic compounds containing nitrogen

Amines, Diazonium salts, Cyanides and isocyanides, etc


Carbohydrates, Proteins, Vitamins, Nucleic acids, etc


Classification, methods of polymerization, copolymerization, polythene, bakelite, nylon, polyesters, and rubber, Biodegradable, non-biodegradable polymers.

Chemistry in everyday life

Chemicals in medicines, Chemicals in food, Cleansing agents

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2022-23 for Biology

To get good marks in Maharashtra Class 12 board exams Biology, try to cover each and every topic syllabus of Class 12 Maharashtra Board. We have mentioned some important topics in the below table.

Maharashtra HSC Biology Syllabus 2022-23



Genetics and Evolution

Genetic Basis of Inheritance, Gene- its nature, expression and regulation, RNA, Protein Synthesis;

Biotechnology and its application

Genetic engineering, cloning a DNA Library, Plasmids, Bacteriophages, BT crops, Biosafety Issues, etc

Enhancement in Food Production

Tissue Culture, Plant Breeding, Single Cell Protein, Callus Culture, Biofortification, etc

Microbes in Human Welfare

Microbes in Household food processing, Industrial Production, Biogas Production, Biocontrol Agents, Sewage Treatment, Biofertilizers, etc

Plant Physiology

Photosynthesis, Respiration, Mechanism of Aerobic and Anaerobic Respiration, Fermentation, etc

Reproduction in Plants

Asexual reproduction, Sexual Reproduction, Double Fertilization, Pollination, Post-fertilization changes, etc

Habitat and Niche

Ecosystems, Ecological succession, Environmental issues, etc


Genetics and Evolution, Biotechnology and its application

Genetics and Evolution

Origin and the Evolution of Life, Chromosomal Basis of Inheritance

Genetic Engineering and Genomics

DNA Fingerprinting, Genomics, Human insulin, Gene Therapy. Transgenic animals.

Human Health and Diseases

Immunology, Antigen-Antibody Complex, Pathogens and Parasites, Adolescence, drug abuse, Cancer and AIDS, etc

Animal Husbandry

Dairy, Animal Breeding, Fisheries, Lac culture, Poultry, Bee-Keeping, Sericulture


Blood composition and coagulation, Heart, Pulmonary and Systemic Circulation, Cardiac output, Regulation of cardiac activity, Blood related disorders, ECG, Lymphatic System

Excretion and osmoregulation

Modes of excretion, Excretory System, Role of Kidney in Osmoregulation, Regulation of kidney function, Disorders, etc

Control and Co-ordination

Nervous System, Sensory receptors, Endocrine System, Hormones and their functions, Common disorders, etc

Human Reproduction

Reproductive system in male and female, Reproductive cycle, Reproductive health, Contraception and sexually transmitted diseases, etc

Ecology and Environment

Biodiversity and its conservation, Population and ecological adaptations, Environmental issues,

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Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2022-23 English

In English, a student's reading, writing, and English grammar skills will be evaluated. The Grammar section comprises given topics. Refer to the below HSC syllabus 2022-23 pdf for English

  • Tenses

  • Types of sentences

  • Clauses

  • Reported speech

  • Prepositions

  • Word formation

  • Infinitives

  • Gerunds and Participles

  • Linking words/discourse markers

Section-wise weightage of chapters in 12th boards HSC 2022-23 for English



Reading Skills (Textual and non-textual)




Writing Skills


Orla test


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Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2022-23 for Political Science

Part 1-Indian Constitution: Characteristics

1. Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles and Fundamental Duties.

2. Legislature: Parliament. Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, Lawmaking process, Amendment procedure State legislature: Vidhan Sabha, Vidhan Parishad

3. Executive: President – Election, Power and Functions Vice President – Election, Power and Functions Prime Minister and Council of Ministers – Election.

Part 2- Politics in India

6. Patterns of Party Competition

  • One-party dominant system

  • Towards multi-party system

7. Political and Social Movements

  • Nature of social movement

  • Role of movements in a democratic system

  • Examples of movements, etc.

Maharashtra HSC Syllabus 2022-23 for Book-Keeping and Accountancy

  1. Introduction to Partnership

  2. Partnership Final Accounts

  3. Reconstitution of Partnership

  4. Dissolution of Partnership Firm

  5. Accounts of “Not for Profit” concerns

  6. Single entry system

  7. Bill of Exchange (Only Trade Bill)

  8. Company Accounts

  9. Analysis of financial statements

  10. Accounting for shares

Maharashtra Class 12 Syllabus 2022-23 for Economics

  1. Introduction to Microeconomics

  2. Consumers behaviour

  3. Analysis of Supply

  4. Types of Market & Price determination

  5. Factors of Production

  6. Introduction to Macroeconomics

  7. National Income

  8. Determinants of Aggregates

  9. Money

  10. Commercial Bank

  11. Central Bank

  12. Public Economics

Maharashtra 12th Syllabus 2022-23 for Sociology

  1. Formation of Indian Society

  2. Segments of Indian Society

  3. Social Institutions in India

  4. Major Social Problems in India

  5. National Integration

  6. Social Change in India

  7. Social reformers in India

  8. Globalization and Mass Media

Maharashtra Board HSC Syllabus 2022-23 for Arts

S. No.





Prose, poetry, rapid reading, Grammar and Composition, Composition-Essay writing - Nibandh lekha, Comprehension - Bodh Parikshan Kara, Translation, Anubad Kara, Letter Writing, Bhad- Samprasaran


English literature

Introduction to the Study of English Literature, poems, short stories, essays, one act play, biographical pieces, a short novel, a play



Applied History in 21st Century, Mass Media and History, Entertainment Media and History, Tourism and History, Museums, Historical Research, Encyclopedia, Administrative Services, History Teacher and Teaching



Population, migration, agriculture, Minerals and energy resources, industries, trade, Transportation and Communications, Economic developments

Maharashtra HSC Exam Pattern 2022-23

  • Students who will be appearing for the HSC Board exam will have to take two languages as compulsory subjects.

  • The different questions asked in the exam will cover the syllabus of Class 12 Maharashtra board 2022 of the respective subject.

  • Students have to score a minimum of 35% marks to pass each subject.

  • The Maharashtra 12th exam will be held for 100 marks, wherein 80 marks are allotted to theory and 20 marks to practicals/oral/project.

  • A few subjects such as Geology, Biology, Physics, Chemistry, Agriculture science and technology and animal science and technology, for which exams are held for 70 marks and practical/oral/project are conducted for 30 marks.

Maharashtra Board HSC Subjects 2022-23

It is quite important to be aware of the subjects and topics of the Maharashtra Board HSC/12th syllabus to prepare for getting good marks in Maharashtra 12th result 2022. The compulsory and elective subjects of the Maharashtra HSC Board under three streams are given below in the table.

Maharashtra Board HSC Subjects for Arts

Compulsory Subjects

Elective Subjects


  • A Modern Indian Language

  • A Modern Foreign Language

  • Sanskrit

  • Ardhamagadhi

  • Pali

  • Arabic

  • Persian

  • Avesta-Pahlavi

  • History

  • Geography

  • Mathematics and Statistics

  • Political Science

  • Child Development

  • Textile

  • Sociology

  • Philosophy

  • Logic

  • Psychology

  • Economics

  • Defence Studies

  • Drawing

  • Design and Colour

  • Composition

  • History of Art & Appreciation

  • History and Development of Indian Music

  • Vocal Light Music (Practical I)

  • Vocal Classical Music (Practical II)

  • Instrumental Music (Practical III) or

  • Percussion

  • European Music

  • Historical Development of Indian Classical Dance

  • Book-Keeping & Accountancy

  • Co-operation

  • Information Technology

  • English Literature

Modern Indian Language or Modern Foreign Language or Classical Language

Environment Education

Health and Physical Education Elective Subjects

Maharashtra Board HSC Subjects for Commerce

Compulsory Subjects

Elective Subjects


  • Mathematics and statistics

  • Economics

  • Geography

  • Book-keeping and Accountancy

  • Organisation of Commerce and Management

  • Mathematics and Statistics

  • Secretarial Practice

  • Co-operation

  • Occupational Orientation

  • Defence Studies

  • English Literature

  • Information Technology

Modern Indian Language or Modern Foreign Language or Classical Language

Environment Education

Health and Physical Education Elective Subjects

Maharashtra Board HSC Subjects for Science

Compulsory Subjects

Elective Subjects


  • Mathematics and Statistics

  • Geology

  • Child Development

  • Textile

  • Psychology

  • Economics

  • Geography

  • Defence-Studies

  • Physics

  • Chemistry

  • Biology

  • Agriculture Science and Technology

  • Animal Science and Technology

  • Sociology

  • Sanskrit

  • Education

  • Information Technology

  • English literature.

Modern Indian Language or Modern Foreign Language or Classical Language

Environment Education

Health and Physical Education Elective Subjects

How to Prepare for Maharashtra State Board Class 12th Exam 2022-23?

  1. Students should cover all topics of the Maharashtra HSC time table 2022 pdf.

  2. Students should make a proper study time table and dedicate a good amount of time for revision and practice.

  3. Trying to solve Maharashtra HSC previous years question papers as much as possible. This will definitely help candidates gain confidence and assess their performance.

  4. Dedicate time for revision of Class 12 Maharashtra Board at a regular interval to remember the important facts and formulas for a longer duration.

  5. Consult with teachers and experts to get instant and correct solutions to tough questions.

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