NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions Chapter 15 have been created by experts of Physics to help students in their examinations as it is one of the important topics of physics that is repeatedly asked in various examinations. The students can refer NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Chapter 15 Solutions to understand about waves and its types; longitudinal and transverse waves. The overall chapter deals with waves and its characteristics frequency, amplitude, wavelength etc.

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The students will be provided with the necessary knowledge required to excel in the topic by going through the NCERT Exemplar Solutions for Class 11 Physics Chapter 15 and avail a thorough understanding of all the concepts.

Question:15.1

Water waves produced by a motorboat sailing in water are(a) neither longitudinal nor transverse(b) both longitudinal and transverse(c) only longitudinal(d) only transverse

Answer:

The answer is the option (b) Waves are produced by motorboat on the surface as well as inside water. The waves are both transverse as well as longitudinal.Question:15.2

Sound waves of wavelength travelling in a medium with a speed of v m/s enter into another medium where its speed is 2v m/s. The wavelength of sound waves in the second medium is

Answer:

The answer is the option (c)When a wave passes from one medium to another, its frequency does not change but its velocity and wavelength changes.Thus,Question:15.3

Speed of sound wave in the air(a) is independent of temperature.(b) increases with pressure.(c) increases with increase in humidity.(d) decreases with increase in humidity.

Answer:

The answer is the option (c) Sound is a longitudinal wave with speed .The density of water vapours is less than the air so, on increasing humidity, the density of medium decreases, in turn, increasing the speed of sound in air by .Hence, c is correct.Speed of sound wave in the air (a) is independent of temperature. (b) increases with pressure. (c) increases with increase in humidity. (d) decreases with increase in humidity. Edit QQuestion:15.4

Change in temperature of the medium changes(a) frequency of sound waves.(b) the amplitude of sound waves.(c) the wavelength of sound waves.(d) the loudness of sound waves.

Answer:

The answer is the option (c)Thus, on increasing temperature, the speed also increases, as frequency remains constant during the propagation of the wave. Since , the wavelength also increases with velocity.Question:15.5

With the propagation of longitudinal waves through a medium, the quantity transmitted is(a) matter.(b) energy.(c) energy and matter.(d) energy, matter, and momentum.

Answer:

The answer is the option (b) During propagation of a wave in any medium, only energy is transmitted from one point to another and not matter.Question:15.6

Which of the following statements are true for wave motion?(a) Mechanical transverse waves can propagate through all mediums.(b) Longitudinal waves can propagate through solids only.(c) Mechanical transverse waves can propagate through solids only.(d) Longitudinal waves can propagate through a vacuum.

Answer:

The answer is the option (c) A mechanical transverse wave can propagate through solid and on the surface of the liquid as well. A transverse wave cannot reproduce in gases whereas Longitudinal wave can. Also, longitudinal waves are not electromagnetic waves and can never propagate in a vacuum.Question:15.7

A sound wave is passing through the air column in the form of compression and rarefaction. In consecutive compressions and rarefactions,a) density remains constantb) Boyle’s law is obeyedc) bulk modulus of air oscillatesd) there is no transfer of heat

Answer:

The answer is the option (d) In consecutive compressions and rarefactions, the density of medium particles is maximum and minimum, respectively. Due to the rapid change in density temperature rises while the bulk modulus remains constant. The time of compressions and rarefactions is very small, so heat does not transfer.Question:15.8

Equation of a plane progressive wave is given by . On reflection from a denser medium, its amplitude becomes of the amplitude of the incident wavea) b) c) d)

Answer:

The answer is the option b)After reflection of wave changes by phaseQuestion:15.9

A string of mass 2.5 kg is under a tension of 200 N. The length of the stretched string is 20.0 m. If the transverse jerk is struck at one end of the string, the disturbance will reach the other end in(a) one second(b) 0.5 second(c) 2 seconds(d) data given is insufficient

Answer:

The answer is the option (b) M= mass of string= 2.5Kg, l=20mμ=mass per unit length= Time =Question:15.10

A train whistling at constant frequency is moving towards a station at a constant speed V. The train goes past a stationary observer on the station. The frequency n′ of the sound as heard by the observer is plotted as a function of time t (Figure). Identify the expected curve.

Answer:

The answer is the option (c) When the observer is at rest and source of sound is moving towards the observer, then the observed frequency where n0 is the original frequency of the source of soundv=speed of sound in the mediumvs=speed of sourceWhen the source is moving away from the observerThus, n’ > n” and graph (c) is correct.Question:15.11

A transverse harmonic wave on a string is described by where x and y are in cm and t is in s. The positive direction of x is from left to right.(a) The wave is travelling from right to left.(b) The speed of the wave is 20 m/s.(c) Frequency of the wave is 5.7 Hz.(d) The least distance between two successive crests in the wave is 2.5 cm.

Answer:

The answer is the option (a), (b), and (c)The standard form of a wave propagating in a positive directionandA positive sign in the equation shows that the wave is travelling from right to left.Distance between two successive crests=Question:15.12

The displacement of a string is given bywhere x and y are in m and t in s. The length of the string is 1.5m and its mass is kg(a) It represents a progressive wave of frequency 60Hz.(b) It represents a stationary wave of frequency 60Hz.(c) It is the result of superposition of two waves of wavelength 3 m, frequency 60Hz each travelling with a speed of 180 m/s in opposite direction.(d) Amplitude of this wave is constant.

Answer:

The answer is the option (b) and (c)Equation of stationary wave is Since the waves are stationary, the amplitude varies from 0 to a=0.06m from nodes to antinodes.Comparing this equation with the given equation We getFrom equation Speed =Question:15.13

Speed of sound waves in a fluid depends upon(a) directly on density of the medium.(b) square of Bulk modulus of the medium.(c) inversely on the square root of density.(d) directly on the square root of bulk modulus of the medium.

Answer:

The answer is the option (c) and (d) Speed of sound wave in the fluid of bulk modulus K and density is given by (if is constant) (if K is constant)Question:15.14

During propagation of a plane progressive mechanical wave(a) all the particles are vibrating in the same phase.(b) amplitude of all the particles is equal.(c) particles of the medium executes S.H.M.(d) wave velocity depends upon the nature of the medium.

Answer:

The answer is the option (b) (c) and (d) During propagation of a mechanical wave, each particle is displaced from 0 to its amplitude (which is equal for each particle). Each particle between any 2 successive crests and roughs are in a different phase.In case of a progressive wave, medium particles oscillate about their mean position with a restoring forceacting on them like in a simple harmonic motion.Also, Where K and depend on the nature of the medium.Question:15.15

The transverse displacement of a string is given by . All the points on the string between two consecutive nodes vibrate witha) same frequencyb) same phasec) same energyd) different amplitude

Answer:

The answer is the option (a), (b), and (d).The given equation is as per the standard equation of stationary wave, i.e. The frequency of particles within the wave is the same. All the particles between any two consecutive nodes vibrate either the upside or downside having the same phase at a time.Also, where the amplitude of different particles is different between nodes.Question:15.16

A train, standing in a station yard, blows a whistle of frequency 400 Hz in still air. The wind starts blowing in the direction from the yard to the station with a speed of 10 m/s. Given that the speed of sound in still air is 340 m/sa) the frequency of sound as heard by an observer standing on the platform is 400 Hzb) the speed of sound for the observer standing on the platform is 350 m/sc) the frequency of sound as heard by the observer standing on the platform will increased) the frequency of sound as heard by the observer standing on the platform will decrease

Answer:

The answer is the option (a) and (b) Frequency of source of sound The velocity of wind from sourceSpeed of sound in still airNow, the speed of sound with respect to the listenerAs the distance between listener and source does not change, so the frequency of sound does not change as heard by the listener.Question:15.17

Which of the following statements are true for a stationary wave?a) every particle has a fixed amplitude which is different from the amplitude of its nearest particleb) all the particles cross their mean position at the same timec) all the particles are oscillating with the same amplituded) there is no net transfer of energy across any planee) there are some particles which are always at rest

Answer:

The answer is the option (a) (b) (d) and (e)In a stationary wave, the particles between two nodes vibrate with different amplitude, which increases from node to antinode (0 to maximum) and decreases from anti node to node. The amplitude of particles varies with . The particles at a node are at rest, and hence there is no net transfer of energy. The particle between two nodes is in the same phase. The motion of particles between two nodes will be either upward or downward crossing the mean position at the same time. Hence, a,b,d and e are correct.Question:15.18

A sonometer wire is vibrating in resonance with a tuning fork. Keeping the tension applied same, the length of the wire is doubled. Under what conditions would the tuning fork still be is resonance with the wire?

Answer:

Let the length of wire be L and tension be TThe frequency of nth harmonic is where m is mass per unit lengthLet us assume two casesvIn the given question is same as T and the mass is also the same since the same wire is used.As tuning fork is same in both harmonics, both the frequencies are equalThus, when the length of the wire is doubled, the number of harmonics also get doubled for the same frequency.Question:15.19

An organ pipe of length L open at both ends is found to vibrate in its first harmonic when sounded with a tuning fork of 480 Hz. What should be the length of a pipe closed at one end, so that it also vibrates in its first harmonic with the same tuning fork?

Answer:

As the medium, number and frequency of harmonic in open and closed pipes are the same, so the number of nodes and wavelength in both cases will also be the same.In both end open pipeIn one open end pipeOrQuestion:15.2

A tuning fork A, marked 512 Hz, produces 5 beats per second, where sounded with another unmarked tuning fork B. If B is loaded with wax the number of beats is again 5 per second. What is the frequency of the tuning fork B when not loaded?

Answer:

On loading frequencies of B decreasesTherefore, on loading the frequency of B decreases to 507Frequency of tuning fork, when unloaded, is 517 Hz.(When frequency decreases by 10 Hz the number of beats will be same as 512-507=5)Question:15.21

The displacement of an elastic wave is given by the function where y is in cm and t is in second. Calculate the resultant amplitude.

Answer:

Let a=5Now, whereQuestion:15.22

A sitar wire is replaced by another wire of same length and material but of three times earlier radius. If the tension in the wire remains the same, by what factor will the frequency change?

Answer:

Frequency of wire stretched at both ends As the number of harmonics, length L and tension T is kept the same in both cases mass per unit length=mass of wire/length=As the material of wire is sameQuestion:15.23

At what temperatures will the speed of sound in air be 3 times its value at ?

Answer:

We know thatLet vT be speed of sound in air at temp T and v0 at and OrQuestion:13.24

When two waves of almost equal frequencies n1 and n2 reach at a point simultaneously, what is the time interval between successive maxima?

Answer:

Since the frequencies of vibrations are almost equal Assuming that number of beats per second=So time period of maxima or beats

Question:15.25

A steel wire has a length of 12 m and a mass of 2.10 kg. What will be the speed of a transverse wave on this wire when a tension of is applied?

Answer:

Given: l = 12mM=2.10 kgQuestion:15.26

A pipe of 20 cm long is closed at one end. Which harmonic mode of the pipe is resonantly excited by a source of 1237.5 Hz?

Answer:

For fundamental frequency vThe 3rd harmonic is excited by 1237.5 HzQuestion:15.27

A train standing at the outer signal of a railway station blows a whistle of frequency 400 Hz still air. The train beings to move with a speed of 10 m/s towards the platform. What is the frequency of the sound for an observer standing on the platform?

Answer:

and

givenVelocity of sound in airApparent frequency by the observer standing on the platform

Question:15.28

The wave pattern on a stretched string is shown in the figure. Interpret what kind of wave this is and find its wavelength.

Answer:

The displacement of medium particles at a distance 10,20,30,40 and 50cm are always at rest. (property of nodes in stationary waves)At all particles are at rest which happens in a stationary wave when the particle crosses its mean position.So, the graph of wave shows a stationary wave. Nodes are at x=10, 20,30, 40 cm and distance between successive nodes isQuestion:15.29

The pattern of standing waves formed on a stretched string at two instants of time are shown in the figure. The velocity of two waves superimposing to form stationary waves is 360 m/s and their frequencies are 256 Hz.a) calculate the time at which the second curve is plottedb) mark nodes and antinodes on the curvec) calculate the distance between A’ and C’

Answer:

Frequency of wave- In stationary wave, a particle passes through its mean position after every time

- Point does not vibrate at A, B, C,D and E. The point A’ and C’ are at maximum displacement

Question:15.30

A tuning fork vibrating with a frequency of 512 Hz is kept close to the open end of a tube filled with water. The water level in the tube is gradually lowered. When the water level is 17 cm below the open end, the maximum intensity of sound is heard. If the room temperature is , calculatea) speed of sound in air at room temperatureb) speed of sound in air at c) if the water in the tube is replaced with mercury, will there be any difference in your observations?

Answer:

(a) Pipe partially filled with water behaves like one end open organ pipe. The first harmonic is heard at L=17 cm(b) (c) Water and mercury in the tube reflect sound into air column to form stationary wave and reflection is more in mercury compared to water because of its higher density. The intensity of sound heard in mercury will be larger, but the reading remains the same as the medium in tube and tunic fork does not change.Question:15.31

Show that when a string fixed at its two ends vibrates in 1 loop, 2 loops, 3 loops, and 4 loops, the frequencies are in the ratio 1:2:3:4.

Answer:

Let the number of loops in the string be nLength of each loop is Where V in a stretched string is For n=1, For n=2, Similarly for n=3 and so onQuestion 32:

The earth has a radius of 6400 km. The inner core of the 1000 km radius is solid. Outside it, there is a region from 1000 km to a radius of 3500 km which is in a molten state. Then again from 3500 km to 6400 km the earth is solid. Only longitudinal (P) waves can travel inside a liquid. Assume that the P wave has a speed of 8 km/s in solid parts and of 5 km/s in liquid parts of the earth. An earthquake occurs at someplace close to the surface of the earth. Calculate the time after which it will be recorded in a seismometer at a diametrically opposite point on the earth if wave travels along diameter?

Answer:

r1=1000km, r2=3500km, r3=6400km, d1=1000kmd2=3500-1000=2500kmd3=6400-3500=2900kmSolid distance diametrically=Time taken by wave produced by earthquake in solid part=Liquid part along diametricallyTime taken by seismic wave in liquid part=Total time=Question:15.33

If c is r.m.s speed of molecules in a gas and v is the speed of sound waves in the gas, show that c/v is constant and independent of temperature for all diatomic gases.

Answer:

We know that for molecules where M is the molar mass of gasPV=nRT When n=1adiabatic constant for diatomic gas=constantQuestion:15.34

Given below are some functions of x and t to represent the displacement of an elastic wave.State which of these representa) a travelling wave along -x directionb) a stationary wavec) beatsd) a travelling wave along +x directionGive reasons for your answers

Answer:

(a) A wave travelling along (-x) direction has +kx as in(b ) A stationary wave equation is- Beats involve and So they can be represented by

Question:15.35

In the given progressive waves where y and x are in m, t is in s. What is thea) amplitudeb) wavelengthc) frequencyd) wave velocitye) particle velocity amplitude

Answer:

Given the progressive wave equation(a) Amplitude a=5mWavelengthWave velocity(e) Particle velocity in the direction of amplitude at a distance x from sourceMaximum velocity of the particle is at its mean positionQuestion:15.36

For the harmonic travelling wave where x and y are in cm and t is second. What is the phase difference between the oscillatory motion at two points separated by a distance ofa) 4 mb) 0.5 mc) d) e) what is the phase difference between the oscillation of a particle located at x = 100 cm at t = Ts and t = 5s?

Answer:

Wave is propagated in +x direction because t and kx are in opposite sign instandard equation apath difference=4m=400cmphase difference (b) path difference=0.5 m(c ) path difference=(e) At x=100 , t=TAt t=5sAlso, read NCERT Class 11 Physics Syllabus

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Start NowThe questions and numericals might seem a bit difficult and tricky at times but the students can use NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions Chapter 15 pdf download for step-by-step solutions of all the problems.

Class 11 Physics NCERT Exemplar Solutions Chapter 15 includes the following topics:

15.1 Introduction

15.2 Transverse and longitudinal waves

15.3 Displacement relation in a progressive wave

15.4 The speed of a travelling wave

15.5 The principle of superposition of waves

15.6 Reflection of waves

15.7 Beats

15.8 Doppler Effect

Students will be able to collect information on wave motion and their characteristics and relation between them. They can learn about the various sound waves and how to distinguish between them. NCERT Exemplar Class 12 Physics Chapter 15 Solutions provides solutions to the questions regarding the speed of sound and also about resonance with the help of a tuning fork. The students will get a better understanding of waves by solving the questions and their explanations given in NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions Chapter 15 on topics like the speed of sound, nodes and antinodes of sound waves etc. the lesson also enlightens students about the basic characteristics of transverse and longitudinal waves and how to calculate the displacement of a progressive wave.

Chapter 2 Units and Measurement |

Chapter 3 Motion in a Straight Line |

Chapter 4 Motion in a Plane |

Chapter 5 Laws of Motion |

Chapter 6 Work, Energy, and Power |

Chapter 7 Systems of Particles and Rotational Motion |

Chapter 8 Gravitation |

Chapter 9 Mechanical Properties of Solids |

Chapter 10 Mechanical Properties of Fluids |

Chapter 11 Thermal Properties of Matter |

Chapter 12 Thermodynamics |

Chapter 13 Kinetic Theory |

Chapter 14 Oscillations |

Although the entire chapter is very important, due to various questions being asked repeatedly in the exams but here are a few important topics that should be focused upon:

- The definitions and their respective formulae of all the characteristics of a progressive wave should be focused on by the students. Many questions and numerical value questions in the exercise are based on them.
- The students should be well known with the concept of the principle of superposition of waves that are given in detail in the NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Physics Solutions Chapter 15.
- Resonance and beats are some of the important topics covered with the help of examples for the students to understand in a better way. Doppler’s Effect and its related numericals must be practised thoroughly.

Chapter 1 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 1 Physical world |

Chapter 2 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 2 Units and Measurement |

Chapter 3 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 3 physics Motion in a straight line |

Chapter 4 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 4 Motion in a Plane |

Chapter 5 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 5 Laws of Motion |

Chapter 6 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 6 Work, Energy and Power |

Chapter 7 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 7 System of Particles and Rotational motion |

Chapter 8 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 8 Gravitation |

Chapter 9 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 9 Mechanical Properties of Solids |

Chapter 10 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 10 Mechanical Properties of Fluids |

Chapter 11 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 11 Thermal Properties of Matter |

Chapter 12 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 12 Thermodynamics |

Chapter 13 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 13 Kinetic Theory |

Chapter 14 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 14 Oscillations |

Chapter 15 | NCERT solutions for class 11 physics chapter 15 Waves |

NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Mathematics Solutions |

NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Chemistry Solutions |

NCERT Exemplar Class 11 Biology Solutions |